For this assignment I chose to do the cervical cancer assessment. I picked this just because I was curious and I hear the scary stories about it creeping up without any symptoms or notice before it gets too late. Cervical cancer occurs when abnormal cells on the cervix grow out of control. If detected early enough, this can often be treated. Cervical cancer can be detected through a pap test by your gynecologist and should be taken at least every three years. Through this assessment, I learned that using protection during intercourse, such as condoms and/or diaphragm. Using these types of protection will act as a wall against STDs and HPV in which causes an increased chance that the cancer will grow. It is recommended that you get at least 3 servings of veggies a day to help fight infection. Although there is no clear reason as to why one woman may contract this as opposed to another is unclear, a common risk factor is the contraction of the HPV virus. HPV is group of viruses that can infect the cervix. If this does not go away on its own, this can eventually cause cervical cancer. Smoking and having a weak immune system can increase the chance of contracting the HPV virus. There are 3 options for treatment: surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Choosing the best method is usually based on how big the tumor is, if and how much it spread and whether or not the patient wants children in the future. Follow up visits should be taken regularly to ensure that the treatment has taken effect and to keep tabs on any infection or regrowth of the tumor.
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