Jenilen M. Capistrano
By this project, the author dedicates this to students so that they can know some information about the topic CERAMICS especially to those are not so familiar regarding this topic.
The Author extends her deepest gratitude to her friends who helped her to do this project, to the teachers for the opportunity to make this Term Paper, to her parents for the financial concern and also to God for the blessings that she receives that leads her to accomplish this project.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
a. What is Ceramics?
b. The History of Ceramics
•Persia and the ancient middle east.
•Classical Greek and Roman
•Modern American Ceramics
c. TYPES OF CERAMICS
•Examples of whiteware ceramics
•Classification of technical ceramics
d. TYPES OF CERAMIC MATERIALS
•Other applications of ceramics
e. OTHER RELATED TOPICS
•BINDAPUR POTTERS AS DOCUMENTED IN 1980
•ANDALUCIA’S NEW GOLDEN POTTERY
•HE ONGGI POTTERS OF KOREA
As our generation change into a modern period, until now we still recognize the nature of CERAMICS as the one of the greatest art work in every nations. Today, the term is commonly used to describe a material used in pottery. The earliest recorded ceramics were the result of various mixtures and base - combinations, including clay. The resultant non-metallic and inorganic solid base is now a common sight in art ware and the domestic and industrial segments of human development. The twentieth century witnessed the design of amalgamated, new ceramic materials that are still used extensively in the manufacture of semiconductors. Ceramic engineering, as we know it today, is advanced and involves state-of-the-art processes. The material is inert and inorganic, with a crystalline oxide base. The resultant product is always brittle, but strong in compression. Ceramic is able to withstand very high temperatures and chemical erosion and survives well even in a strong caustic environment. Traditional raw materials that go into manufacture of ceramic including kaolinite, silicon carbide, tungsten carbide and aluminum oxide or alumina.
Ceramic was worked upon or molded to requirement on special potters' wheels designed around 4,000 BC. The crude invention resulted in the more sophisticated powered-rotation flywheel, around 3000 BC in Central and Eastern Asia. By around 1,400 BC high temperature blasted ceramics were a common sight. The glazes kept getting more and more sophisticated with the use of wood ash, true porcelain and glass powder. Potters persistently experimented with the material till 700 BC. It was not until 7 AD that elaborate tunnel and climbing kilns changed the look of the material in the Kaolin region of China. The art of manufacturing the base material and products is an integral part of Mediterranean history too.
CONTENT or the BODY
WHAT IS CERAMICS?
A Ceramic is an inorganic, non-metallic solid prepared by the action of heat and subsequent cooling. Ceramic materials may have a crystalline or partly crystalline structure, or may be amorphous (e.g., a glass). Because most common ceramics are crystalline, the definition of ceramic is often restricted to inorganic crystalline materials, as opposed to the non-crystalline glasses.
The word 'ceramic' is comes from the Greek , word "κεραμικός" (keramikos), "of pottery" or "for pottery", from "κέραμος" (keramos), "potter's clay, tile, pottery. Which is said to derive from the Indo-European word *cheros (unattested), meaning heat. The earliest mention on the word...