Ceramic Industry

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Though the pottery and sanitary-ware articles producing units in the organized sector in India have been in existence since the 19th century, the ceramic tiles industry came into being in the late 1950s with M/s. H & R Johnson (I) Ltd. setting up its plant at Thane for manufacture of wall tiles. M/s Spartek Ceramics Ltd joined later in 1985. The boom in demand for wall and floor tiles promoted the entry of other players like M/s Regency Ceramics, Bell Ceramics etc in the field during1990.

In the year 2000, the local organised sector units have started manufacturing vitrified tiles by importing technology from Italy. They start importing new as well as old second hand machinery from Italy. Initially the price and Govt. duties are very high on ceramic vitrified tiles. In late 2004 Govt. started encouraging local entrepreneurs to import second hand machinery from Italy and offered incentives and subsequently reducing taxes and import duties on plant and machinery and raw materials. In the year 2004, M/s. Varmora, M/s. Antique and M/s. Decolite, Morbi had started implementing vitrified tiles manufacturing units by using new/secondhand machinery from Italy. Meanwhile China also emerged as one of the biggest producer of ceramic vitrified tiles. Number of units set-up their and started exporting tiles to western countries in a big way. Due to this, number of machinery manufacturers had tie-up with Italian reputed machinery manufacturers and started manufacturing locally quality machinery at lower prices. The Indian manufacturers had started installing Chinese machinery, by this they have reduced cost of products and ultimately it increased sales volume considerably. Thereafter number of units had setup units around Morbi and Himatnagar.

In the recent years, a number of small scale units have come up at Morbi, Thangadh, Kadi, Mehsana and Himmatnagar in Gujarat. Although the consumption of ceramic tiles in the country has increased substantially, still the per...
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