 Introduction to Circular Motion
 Physics 

HomeNewton's LawsMomentum & ImpulseProjectile Motion & Mechanical EnergyCircular MotionLinks & Extras IntroductionIn uniform circular motion the magnitude of the velocity of the object in motion remains constant. For example at car turning around a circular curve will stay at 12 m/s throughout the entire turn (provided the driver does not brake). The direction of the velocity vector is changing. A force is required in uniform circular motion.Centripetal Force & AccelerationSince an object in motion will travel in a straight line (Newton's First Law) an force must be required to accelerate the mass . This force does not cause a change in velocity as stated in the introduction, but rather it is responsible for the change in direction. The centripetal acceleration (ac) is equal to the square of the velocity (v) over the radius of the circular motion. According to Newton's Second Law, then the centripetal force (Fc) should be the mass of the object (m) times the centripetal acceleration. The equations are pictured above.Important Facts * "Centrifugal" force is a fictitious force. It is a perceived force. There is no reactive force as per Newton's Third Law. This the 'force' that you feel when you take a turn in a car or on a roller coaster. If this was a real force, then when your car slips on ice or the roller coaster your on breaks, you should fly outward perpendicular to the direction of your motion. Obviously this is not true. * If the centripetal force is removed, the object will continue on a path tangent to the circle. In other words, you should continue in a straight line in the same direction at the motion at the exact instant the centripetal force is removed. * The centripetal force vector always points to the center of the circlar motion. * The centripetal could be the tension in a string, gravity (for simple planetary orbit like in simulation), friction (i.e. the car...
... Mechanics Practical Number 2
CentrifugalForce Apparatus HFC21
Objective:
The object of the experiment is to verify that the centrifugalforce varies in direct proportion to 1. The mass of the rotating body M (Experiment parts 1 and 2) 2. The square of the speed of rotation ω (Experiment part 3) 3. The radius of gyration k (Experiment part 4) In accordance with the formula; F = Mω2k
Apparatus: ...
...transcontinental plane flight, your coffee cup sits motionless on your tray. Are there forces acting on the cup? If so, how do they differ from the forces that would be acting on the cup if it sat on your kitchen table at home? Determine the Concept Yes, there are forces acting on it. They are the normal force of the table and the gravitational pull of Earth (weight). Because the cup is not accelerating relative to the ground, the...
...Definition of Force
A force is a push or pull upon an object resulting from the object's interaction with another object. Whenever there is an interaction between two objects, there is a force upon each of the objects. When the interaction ceases, the two objects no longer experience the force. Forces onlyexist as a result of an interaction.
Velocity, Acceleration, Momentum, and Impulse
Velocity, in physics, is a...
...Force & Motion
Isaac Newton – English physicist & mathematician.
Newton’s First Law of Motion(Law of Inertia):
An object at rest stays at rest and an object in motion stays in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalance force.
An object at rest tends to remain at rest. An object in motion tends to move at a constant speed in a straight line unless acted upon by an unbalanced external...
...Physics notes
Force is an agent which produces or tends to produce motion in an object, stops or tends to stop , motion of an object
Newton's 1st law of motion:
If an object is at rest, will remain at rest until or unless an external force act on it. If an object is in motion , it continues its motion until or unless an external force act on it
Newton's 1st law of motion is also called first law of inertia.
Inertia:
The tendency of an...
...Force vs. Area
Connor Blackmon
Chemistry I H, 1st Period
Mrs. Kris Clements
October 18, 2012
Problem
Will a balloon pop if it is places on a bed of nails and pressure is applied?
Hypothesis
If a balloon is placed on a bed of nails and a force is applied, then the balloon will burst.
Variables
Independent variable Force applied to the balloon and number of nails
Dependent variable Does the balloon burst?
Materials...
...acceleration = sum of all net forces is zero
* An object in orbit around the earth is not truly weightless
* Sitting half as far away from your class mate the gravitation force is four times as strong. (re2)
* Newton’s First Law inertia an object that is not moving will remain at rest (ex: and apple hanging from a tree)
* The reason you head feels like it jerks back ward is when pulling away from a stop sign is due to Newtons first law
* If...
...Force in effect when car brakes
A car of mass m=1200 kg is traveling at a speed of 50km/h. Suddenly the brakes are applied and the car is brought to a stop over a distance of 20m. Assuming constant breaking force find:
(1) the magnitude of the breaking force,
(2) the time required to stop.
(3) What will be the stopping distance if the initial speed is 100km/h?
Solution.
Most of problems from Dynamics can be seen as “two parts problem”, one...