Celta 1st Assignment

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Assignment 1 / Language focus

The car's going to crash

Form

describe the form: Be going to

Affirmative: Subject + be + going to + bare infinitive

Interrogative: Be + subject + going to + bare infinitive ?

Negative: Subject + be + not + going to + bare infinitive

Short form response: Yes, subject + be + going to + bare infinitive No, subject + be + not + going to + bare infinitive

Phonology : /gəʊɪŋ/

Anticipated Problems
confusion with will for future purposes
confusion with getting for future plans (getting more certain)

Context

Look at these dark clouds! It's going to rain.

1 Use

certainty that something is going to happen to the future(imminent)/prediction (Look at this car! It is going to crash into the yellow one)

Contributions to learning
I could use personalization (Based on my possible knowledge of a students other activities, I could use an example like: John is going to walk back home) Have the students listen or read from the board/student book/handout some examples with

going to (these receptive skills make learning more concrete and give confidence by repeating the structure) Give the students the chance to repeat the structure (produce) via speaking, exercises and writing Use contrast, concept questions and other technics in order to clarify, in case the students get confused

You should have done your assignment

Form

describe the form: Should (Should is the conditional form of shall, which is a modal verb)

Affirmative: Subject + should + verb

Interrogative: Should + subject + verb

Negative: Subject + should + not + verb

Short form response: Yes, subject + should + verb
No, subject + should + not + verb

Phonology : /ʃəd/

Anticipated Problems:
differences between should and shall
differences between should and would (future in the past)
differences between should and must to (obligation)
differences between should and will (only about the future)
phonology, should not should
confusion with the irregular verb in the example, make one with a regular Should + present = advise, desirability (You should go to the doctor) Should + past = criticism (You should have paid your bills)

Context

By the time John woke up, it was too late to visit the local museum. I should have used my alarm clock, he said to himself.

Use
to give advice (You should take regular exercise)
in hypothetical situations (Should you need any help, just call me) to give tentative opinions (I should think the cost will be about 50 euros)

Contributions to learning
I could use personalization (Based on my possible knowledge of a students other activities, I could use an example like: John missed the deadline. He should have been more responsible) Have the students listen or read from the board/student book/handout some examples with

should (these receptive skills make learning more concrete and give confidence by repeating the structure) Give the students the chance to repeat the structure (produce) via speaking, exercises and writing Use contrast, concept questions and other technics in order to clarify, in case the students get confused

I have to complete this assignment on time

Form

describe the form: have to

Affirmative: Subject + have to + verb

Interrogative: Should + subject + verb

Negative: Subject + should + not + verb

Short form response: Yes, subject + should + verb
No, subject + should + not + verb

Phonology: /hæf/ (obligation)
but /hæv/ for possession

Anticipated Problems
confuse with the verb have (possess)
confuse with have as an auxiliary verb used in tense formation have got to (the same, mostly British english)
to has a weak sound

Context

John was late. He had to leave the hotel immediately if he wanted to catch his train. But first...
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