Cell Phone

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CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
A mobile phone (also called mobile, cellular telephone, or cell phone) is an electronic device used for two-way radio telecommunication over a cellular network of base stations known as cell sites. Mobile phones differ from cordless telephones, which only offer telephone service within limited range through a single base station attached to a fixed land line, for example within a home or an office. Today, cell phones are the most popular tool for communication in modern life.   They become a “must have” that everybody cannot live without. Although cell phones have many positive effects for human life, there are also some negative effects. First, all cell phones are convenient and comfortable for users since they are small and light; therefore people can carry them every time and everywhere. Secondly, cell phones have been developing a lot of new thing, which contain a lot of additional features: alarm, calendar, camera, Internet, etc. Consumers can use a lot of functions at the same time; they can read stories, listen to music, connect to Internet, and watch videos whenever and wherever they want with cell phones. Third, cell phones help people stay connect with each other regardless of the distance. If they want to talk to their friends, they just need to send messages or make an instant call in order to share emotions, sadness or happiness; which make they might feel better and have more pleasures. Cell phones do make people’s relationship become closer. In addition to being a telephone, modern mobile phones also support many additional services, and accessories, such as SMS (or text) messages, e-mail, Internet access, gaming, Blue-tooth and infrared short range wireless communication, camera, MMS messaging, MP3 player, radio and GPS. Along with their books and school supplies, many students make their daily trip to school with their trusty mobile phone. These pocket-sized tools can do anything from make a standard phone call to surf the web. The presence of cell phones presents a host of options and challenges for today's students. Mobile phones can be a helpful academic tool, or a hurtful academic disruption depending upon the attitude and use pattern of the student owner. The first hand-held mobile phone was demonstrated by John F. Mitchell and Dr Martin Cooper of Motorola in 1973, using a handset weighing around 2.2 pounds (1 kg). In 1983, the DynaTAC 8000x was the first to be commercially available. From 1990 to 2011, worldwide mobile phone subscriptions grew from 12.4 million to over 6 billion, penetrating about 87% of the global population and reaching the bottom of the economic pyramid. In the first quarter of 2012, Nokia, which had been the global market leader in mobile phones since 1998, slipped into second place with 22.5% market share behind Samsung with 25.4% with Apple Inc. trailing in third place with 9.5%. In 2012, for the first time since 2009 mobile phone sales to end users declined by 1.7 percent to 1.75 billion units.

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
This study is centred around students perceptions of their mobile phone usage: • To gain an overall understanding of teenagers’ mobile phone usage (positive purposes and negative impacts) • To understand the influence of texting on teenagers (such as text language on proper language, text messaging on communication skills) • To understand the effects on teenagers’ physical (such as driving, health) and psychological (such as bullying, un-monitored time usage, family time) safety issues.

SCOPE and DELIMITATION
SCOPE
* To study the attitudes of the students, age group 15-30 years, towards cellular phones. * Enumerate usage patterns and arrive at peculiarities, gender-wise or age-wise, if any. * Examine the way young people relate to the functionality of mobile phones as well as assess observable phenomena. * Identify the different...
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