Cell and Golgi Apparatus

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What theory states that all living things are composed of cells? Cell theory

What type of microscope would be best for studying the detailed structure of the surface of a plasma membrane? Scanning electron microscope

The two basic types of cells are ______ and ______.
Prokaryotic . . . eukaryotic

When using a light microscope to view a cell you obtained from scraping under your fingernails, you notice that the cell lacks a nucleus; therefore, you conclude that the cell must be a type of ______ cell. Prokaryotic

One difference between eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells is that eukaryotic cells ______ prokaryotic cells. Have membrane-bound organelles, which are lacking in

In eukaryotic cells, what name is given to the region between the nucleus and the plasma membrane? Cytoplasm

You find a cell of a type you have never seen before. The cell has both a nucleus and a cell wall. Therefore, you conclude that it must be a ______ cell. Plant

Which of the following is a function of the plasma membrane? Regulation of the passage of material into and out of the cell

______ are the major lipids of plasma membranes.
Phospholipids

The concept of a membrane as a fluid mosaic reflects the ability of ______. Phospholipids and most proteins to drift about in the plane of the membrane

______ store the information necessary to produce proteins.
Genes

The nuclear envelope is composed of ______.
A double membrane

The structural combination of DNA and protein forms ______.
Chromatin

Most human cells contain ______ chromosomes.
46

What name is given to the organelle that manufactures the components of ribosomes? Nucleolus

Many antibiotic drugs are effective against bacteria without hurting humans because the antibiotics rely upon differences in the structure of human and bacterial ______. Ribosomes

Where does protein synthesis take place?
On ribosomes

Information is transferred from the nucleus to ribosomes via...
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