Celiac Disease

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  • Topic: Gluten-free diet, Nutrition, Coeliac disease
  • Pages : 5 (1454 words )
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  • Published : September 30, 2011
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Celiac Disease

I am doing a report on celiac disease and nutrition. In my report I will tell you what celiac is and how the right or wrong nutrition can effect not only the disease, but also you body internally. I will explain how to find out if you have it. In the report I will describe signs, symptoms, risk factors, and treatments. I will also describe tests for it and other diseases associated with celiac.

DEFINITION: Is a digestive disorder caused by eating the protein gluten. Gluten is found in bread, pasta, cookies, and many other foods containing wheat, barley, or rye.

If you consume foods with wheat, barley, and rye, foods that contain gluten experience an immune reaction in the small intestines and it causes damages to the inner layer of the small intestine. The inability to absorb other nutrients.

When a person has celiac disease it can cause stomach pain and diarrhea. When you have these symptoms it can diminish the absorption of the other nutrients needed. When not receiving the other nutrients you can get a vitamin deficiency that deprives your brain, can effect your nervous system, bones, liver, and other organs and vital nourishment.

Symptoms.

They say there is no typical signs of celiac disease and that most people have complaints of diarrhea, stomach pain, and bloating. These signs can lead doctors to think that you might have irritable bowl syndrome, gastric ulcers, chron’s disease, a parasite infection and anemia. The reason for this possible misdiagnosis is because these signs mimic the signs for those diseases listed above. Although celiac can also show itself in less noticeable ways such as, - moodiness

-joint pain
-muscle cramps
-skin rash
-Mouth sores
- dental and or bone disorders ( osteoporosis )
-tingling in feet and legs ( neuropathy ).

The malabsortion of the nutrients that you are not receiving due to celiac may result in, -weight loss
-diarrhea
-tiredness, weakness
-stunted growth in children.

Causes:

There are no known cause for celiac disease. The doctors are not quiet sure what cause this disease and why people get it. There are statements saying that people with diabetes and or if a family member has the disease that you are likely to get the disease as well. Although you may carry the gene it does not mean that you will have the disease. They also know that something does happen to cause your bodies immune system to effect the reaction you have when consuming the gluten in foods.

Most peoples small intestine is lined with tiny hair like, finger looking organism called villi. These villis help with the absorption of vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients from the food we eat. People with celiac have damaged villi. Their small intestine looks like a tile floor instead of a plushy floor or rug. So their body is unable to absorb the nutrients, vitamins, and minerals for health and growth. Due to this non absorption all these are flushed out of their system and small intestine through their bowls.

Complications:

If you leave this disease untreated you can lead your body to several complications. The first is malnutrition, which can cause stunted growth and development due to lack of all nutrients your body needs. The second is loss of calcium and bone density, which can lead to osteoporosis. The third is lactose intolerant, which causes stomach pain and diarrhea. Once your intestine is healed you should be able to again eat and drink dairy products. The third is cancer, which is caused by not maintaining your gluten free diet and some types of cancer you may get are intestinal lymphoma and bowl cancer. The fifth is neurological deficiencies, which can lead to disorders of the nervous system including seizures and nerve damage.

Tests and Diagnosis:

Some test and procedures the doctors or specialist use to diagnose a person with celiac disease are blood tests, collecting a sample of the small intestine, and by swallowing a camera to take...
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