Professional research and Evaluation
Student name: Jiang WeiWei
Student number: 3363314
The goal of this research is to grasp consumers’ negative reaction of celebrity endorsement advertisement (including the reaction of over celebrity endorsement ads, celebrity’s over-endorsement and celebrity’s negative performance). The aim of this study is trying to find out how to take advantage of celebrity endorsement advertisement more effectively and correctly in Internet-information times. As the development of entertainment and web 2.0 tools (such as blog, social networking sites), more and more firms would like to invite a celebrity to show up in their ads to attract more attentions of their target consumers. As a result, the effect of celebrity endorsement ads is not as effective as it was. Sometimes the celebrity endorsement would have even a counterproductive effect on consumers.
Celebrity endorsement advertising has been one of the most common strategies for a brand or product to gain public’s awareness. It has been estimated that one quarter of all advertisements employ a celebrity spokesperson to endorse a product or brand (Shimp, 1997). Freiden (1984) found that celebrities stood out in terms of trustworthiness, likability, persuasiveness and believability. However, the effect of celebrity endorsement ads has been weakened as the appearances of over celebrity endorsement ads, celebrity’s over-endorsement and celebrity’s scandal. In the literature, only few studies in celebrity have studies consumers’ negative reactions. So findings in this area would help the advertisers select and create more effective celebrity endorser ads under the new changes.
David, H ＆ Benedikte, A, 2003, ‘Factors predicating the effectiveness of celebrity endorsement advertisements’, Journal of European Marketing, vol. 38, no. 11/22, pp. 1509-1526 This research examines whether consumers infer that celebrity endorsers like the products they endorse. The study presents a model using these inferences and other characteristics of the endorser to predict attitudes toward the endorsed products. I found this article through RMIT library database. I searched using the keywords factors of influence of celebrity endorsement.
Steven, M, Edwards ＆ Carrie, LA, Ferle, 2009, ‘Does gender impact the perception of negative information related to celebrity endorsement’, Journal of Promotion Management, 15(1), 22-35 The study examines the effectiveness of celebrity endorsement by examining how a respondent’s gender impacts identification with a spokesman and the processing of negative information about celebrity’s performance. I found this article through RMIT library database. I searched using the keywords negative influence and celebrity endorsement.
Kineta, Hung, Kimmy, W, Chan ＆ Caleb, H, 2011, ‘Assessing celebrity endorsement effects in china: a consumer-celebrity relational approach’, Journal of Advertising Research, 10(2), 608-622 This article aims to exam how the celebrity over-endorsement effect on consumers and to explain which kind of celebrity has a deeper and wider influence on consumers. I found this article through the RMIT library database. I searched using the key world over-endorsement.
Somdutta, Biswas ＆ Mahmood, Hussain ＆ Kathleen, O, Donnell, 2009, ‘Celebrity endorsements in advertisements and consumer perceptions: a cross-cultural study’, Journal of Global Marketing, 22(5), 121-137 This article studies consumer perceptions of celebrity endorsements from a cross-cultural perspective. The implications for markets in this article as well as suggestions for future research as discussed. I found this article through the RMIT library database. I searched using the key world celebrity endorsement in advertising.