Diversity exists in the absence of homogeneity. A homogeneous society is a kind of a society where most of the people share the same type of cultures, values, languages, ethnicity and religious system. While a heterogeneous society is where there will be diversity of people in terms of race, culture, religions, and languages.
“Diversity may be the hardest thing for a society to live with, and perhaps the most dangerous thing for a society to be without.” Five different fingers make your hand in the same way; many different people make a community.
Heterogeneous communities also create a society in which people value each other’s differences. ‘Human diversity makes tolerance more than a virtue; it makes it a requirement for survival.’ As quoted by Rene Dubos. To be comfortable we need to see all diversity as equal and not superior to one another. What is natural is difference, forcing others to accept a model that a state, nation, decides isn’t the right thing!
In a homogenous group people will be more productive in terms of agreeing and working more quickly, but they will be unable to have certain points of view and some ideas that people do have may not be expressed because they feel as though they may be looked down upon for not having as ‘good’ of an idea. People want to identify with the majority, since this is often seen as superior. By doing this, we lose different points of view and ways of thinking since people want to limit how they are different.
History suggests that homogeneity of a nation were threatened and broken many times and it is also not possible to preserve the perfect homogeneousness of a society. Sumerian used to live in current day IRAQ, in spite of being politically, socially, and agriculturally advanced they lacked or did not even consider developing their military power which caused them defect in the hands of Acadians.
India is a heterogeneous country yet comes 23rd on the list of happy...