Pride and Inat Form a Counter Monument
What is the first thing you think of when you see a skull? It is usually not a happy thought. The usual thoughts are scary. The connotations usually associated with skulls are death, gloom, and despair. If a person were to see a skull they would most likely get freaked out. Seeing a skull means that someone has died. If someone were to go outside on Halloween while children are trick or treating, or were to go out to a haunted house, they would undoubtedly encounter multiple skeletons, or skulls. This is because they are scary, and represent death, making them perfect for the celebration of the Day of the Dead. But if you go to Serbia, and you ask the Serbian people what they think of when they see Skull Tower, a tower made out of human skulls, they will tell you that they feel proud. They feel the pride that those skulls felt for their country, and that they had no problem giving up their lives for the sake of their country. The pride that is felt when people see Skull Tower, is the reason why Skull tower has been transformed from a monument into a counter monument. When Patrick Henry declared, “Give me liberty or give me death” he displayed Inat (pronounced eenut). When John F. Kennedy gave his speech about the moon landing he said the following: “We choose to do this & these other things not because they are easy but because they are hard", he showed a prime example of Inat. There is no literal translation for Inat, but loosely translated it means stubborn pride. There is a saying “There is no translation for inat because Serbians are the only ones have it” While stubborn pride is the simplest definition for Inat, a more accurate and deep description of the word is proud defiance, stubbornness, and self preservation, most often with total disregard to how it will affect anyone else. This same Inat is what has had the power to turn a gruesome and intimidating statue into a counter monument, and a source of pride.
A monument is a structure that is erected with the purpose of commemorating a famous or notable person or event. A Counter-monument is a monument that is erected not only to commemorate a famous or notable event, but also to show the truth about what happened. To help clarify this I will use two possible monuments for the famous explorer Christopher Columbus. The first one will be a monument, while the second one will be a counter monument. For example, lets say that someone decided to erect a monument for Christopher Columbus. A more traditional monument for Columbus would be a sculpture of Christopher Columbus on a huge ship. This would be accurate because Columbus is one of the most famous explorers in history, and is typically credited with the finding of the new world, also known as the Americas. So because of this, a monument depicting Columbus as an explorer is an accurate one, and it is focused on Memory, because it is what Columbus is famous for. Now let’s say that someone is trying to erect a counter monument for Christopher Columbus. A statue depicting Columbus being lost, and then killing and enslaving Native Americans would be an accurate depiction of the event. While they are both depicting the truth about what happened in the New World, the counter monument would be more focused on the truth, and the things that seem to get forgotten quite often, which is more eye opening and not as censored for the public. The Ottoman Empire was an extremely powerful dynasty, which ruled much of Europe and Asia from the late thirteenth century all the way until the early twentieth century. More specifically, it ruled Serbia from the fifteenth century up until 1912. Throughout these five centuries, there were many attempted revolutions. They were all pretty much unsuccessful. Some of those revolutions ended up being successful for a few years at a time, but none of them...
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