PRESENTED BY GROUP – 13 PANKHURI NEB – P111034 VEDIUM VASANTH – P111053 VIJAY ABILASH – P111024 ANKUSH CHADDHA – P111003
Introduction Various steps in the process of CDM
CDM Requirements Participation Eligibility Projects CDM Project Cycle Approval Monitoring, Verification and Certification
World Scenario India Scenario Case Studies CDM Post 2012
The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is a cooperative mechanism established under Kyoto protocol. It allows the developing countries not in Annex 1 of Kyoto protocol to reduce GHG emissions and achieve sustainable developments by promoting environmental friendly investments from the Industrialized countries. The reduction emission investments are less expensive in developing countries. The developing countries are still in the infant stage of applying new technologies so they can easily adopt the new clean technologies.
The CDM ‘rewards’ emissions reduction of the 6 key Green House Gas. The ‘Credits’ are computed in equivalent Metric Tonnes of CO2 (Carbon dioxide), with multiples being assigned for converting each gas to its CO2 equivalent. Source: http://cdm.unfccc.int/
GHG CO2 CH4 N2O HFCs PFCs SF6
Sources Fossil fuel combustion, deforestation; agriculture Agriculture, land use change, biomass burning, land fills Fossil fuel combustion, agriculture; industrial
The reduction in these 6 GHG gases will generate “Certified Emission Reductions” which can be traded to the developed countries.
Industrial / manufacturing Industrial / manufacturing Electricity transmission, manufacturing
Emission under Baseline Scenario
Emission under Project Scenario
Date of Registration
Project ended/ Non renewal
10 years fixed OR 7 years and renewable twice Source: http://cdm.unfccc.int/
All Parties must meet three basic requirements:
Voluntary participation in the CDM, The establishment of a National CDM Authority, and Ratification of the Kyoto Protocol.
In addition, industrialized countries must meet several further stipulations:
Establishment of the assigned amount under Article 3 of the Protocol, A national system for the estimation of greenhouse gases, A national registry, An annual inventory, and An accounting system for the sale and purchase of emission reductions.
Types Of Projects
1. Large Scale Project 2. Small Scale Project Type I project activities shall remain the same, such that renewable energy project activities shall have a maximum output capacity of 15 MW (or an appropriate equivalent) [CMP/2006/10/Ad1, p8 para28(a)] Type II project activities or those relating to improvements in energy efficiency which reduce energy consumption, on the supply and/or demand side, shall be limited to those with a maximum output of 60 GWh per year (or an appropriate equivalent); [CMP/2006/10/Ad1, p8 para28(b)] Type III project activities, otherwise known as other project activities, shall be limited to those that result in emission reductions of less than or equal to 60 kt CO2 equivalent annually; [CMP/2006/10/Ad1, p8 para28(c)] Source: http://cdm.unfccc.int/
The CDM will include projects in the following sectors:
Renewable Energy Hydro, Wind, Solar, Biomass, Bagasse, Geothermal, Tidal Waste Heat Recovery Cement, Steel/ Metal, Coke Ovens Waste Water Management, MSW Management, Fuel Pellets, Power generation, Use Waste Management as Fuel Transportation LPG, NG, Biodiesel, MRTS, Pipeline, Railways Shift Petroleum Refineries, Oil & Gas Refineries, Fertilizer CO2 Recovery, Nitrous Oxide (N2O)Destruction, Refrigerant: HFC Abatement, Aluminum: PFC Control Efficient Generation (Efficient Machinery, T&D Loss Reduction,...