Causes of World War 1
There were many causes of World War I. A big cause was the alliances between many European countries. There was the Triple Entente which consisted of Russia, France, and Britain against Germany. The Triple Alliance between Germany, Italy, and Austria- Hungary against Russia. These two alliances were made to counteract each other. The Alliance of the Three Emperors was an alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Russia. This alliance was created by Bismark, and was very unstable. After this alliance broke up, Bismark tried to continue to ally with Russia through the Russian-German Reinsurance Treaty. Unfortunately it broke up in 1890. The Japanese and English were allied through the Anglo-Japanese Alliance.
Another Cause was Militarism. There was an arms race between England and Germany. These two countries also raced for control of the seas. Much of Europe was also involved in their own arms races. Yet another cause was Nationalism. Nationalism had caused the once great Ottoman Empire to become “the sick man of Europe”. The empire broke up as factions rallied together for their independence. Pan-Salvism was the movement that attempted to rally all the Slavic speaking nations together during the 20th century. The first Balkan war was what completely finished the Ottoman empire and divided the remaining territories among the allies of the Balkan League. Bulgaria became dissatisfied with its spoils of war and decided to attack its allies in the second Balkan War. They ended up losing and had to give up much of their gained territories. The Young Turks tried to keep the Ottoman Empire together, but eventually failed.
The most immediate cause of the war was the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria by a Serb. The Leaders of France at this time were the prime minister George Clemenceau, Marshal Ferdinand Foch, and their General, General Joffre. The leaders of Great Britain were prime minister David Lloyd George, King...
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