Independent Study in Criminal Justice
Professor Val Mertens
November 20, 2011
Various forms of Trait Theories have been studied as being associated with Juvenile Delinquencies; “Developmental Theory is a view that criminality is a dynamic process, influenced by social experiences as well as individual characteristics. Developmental factors include biological, social, and psychological structures and processes (Larry Siegel 2011).” The fact that a potential Juvenile criminal; may first calculate the potential costs and benefits of a particular illegal act known as the “Rational Choice Theory” (Seigel L. J. (2011). However, the following questions remain:
* What propels youths to commit crimes?
* Complex influences of a variety of biological, genetic, and environmental factors, and further complicated; by various reactions to environmental factors. Are these theories actually proven? * Why is it that only a few individuals who experience the same environments as many others actually commit crime? The fact that there are relatively several studies indicating the causes of Juvenile delinquency. Additional theories have been discovered as other factors in the cause and effect of juvenile delinquency. Also there have been other Trait Theories discovered to represent grounds for Juvenile Delinquency. Criminological theories provide a scientific way to approach and understand why Juveniles commit crimes. The following factors have been reasons for many debates: Criminological Criterion: 1) Classical School Theories-Focus on individual free will and our ability to make choices as the central explanation for committing delinquency/crime (Bohm/Vogel 2011). 2) Positive School Theories- Embraces determinism and scientific method: Additionally, recognizing the role of forces that individuals cannot control or may not be...