Causes of Islamic Revolut of 1979

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What were the causes of the Iranian Revolution of 1979

http://www.yaqoot.com/Iran/

An Internal Assessment by Sebastian Haghayeghi

International School of Toulouse
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Contents:

Section A: Plan of investigation........................................................................................................3 Section B: Summary of Evidence......................................................................................................4 Section C: Evaluation of Sources......................................................................................................6 Section D: Analysis...........................................................................................................................7 Section E: Conclusion......................................................................................................................10 Section F: List of Sources.................................................................................................................11

Section A: Plan of investigation

This investigation is regarding the causes of the Iranian Revolution of 1979. I chose this subject due to curiosity since Iran, also known as Persia, has continued to make news headline since its revolution some three decades ago. Iran’s boldness on sensitive international political and economic issues such as refusing to trade oil in Dollars, challenging the major world powers on NPT rights over its Nuclear programme, supporting the rights of Palestinians to return to their homeland and advances in various areas from farming to space technologies, all despite some 30 years of sanctions brings the question of background to the Islamic Republic of Iran formation. My analysis address the four principle issues behind the Iranian revolution, these being: Political; Cultural and Social, Economic and Military. I will use my father, an Iranian, several books and input from archives and historians.

Word count: 145

Section B: Summary of Evidence

In just one hundred days, protests would bring down the Iranian monarchy. Demonstration would multiply into the millions, strikes would spread and shut down the economy, including the oil industry that propped up the regime and the Shah would be forced to flee the country

There were in my opinion four key issues which ultimately lead up to the Islamic Revolution of 1979. These being the Emergence of Protest in 1977, which essentially provides Political cause; the Shi'i Appeals (middle of 1978), which provide Cultural and Social cause; the General Strike (end of 1979) which provides Economic explanations, and finally the Military Cause running through 1978 to 1979 which concludes the demise of the Pahlavi dynasty in Iran.

The Shah of Iran had established a warm and supportive alliance with America and the four previous Presidents before Jimmy Carter. "However, with Carter’s election victory in place, his human rights policy advocated the winds of change in Iran". Carter said "To all people I say that after two hundred years America still remains confident and youthful in its commitment to freedom and equality, and we always will be". This worried the Shah, as it would mean that the Iranians would want more freedom of speech, by which they might condemn and slate the riches of the Shah; they might even choose to instate a Parliament that could “challenge the absolute power of the Shah”

"The ever increasing gap between the rich and the poor coupled with the high levels of inflation and corruption in the fast growing economy due to increased oil prices (mid 1970s) further fueled the people’s unrest". By early 1978 riots had started to form and on the 9th of January 5 protesters were shot. "The officers fired shots in the air... the police began to level their weapons at the protesters". Khomeini began to win the population over, allowing him to rise up and address the national support...
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