Causes and Effects of Smoking
Scientists and health officials have been arguing the detrimental effects smoking has on our health for many years. Americans pay nearly $100 billion in added health care cost due to smoking. Each day about a thousand young people become regular smokers (President Barack Obama). Smoking can lead to serious complications including asthma, pancreas, lung and stomach cancer due to the large number of carcinogens (cancer causing chemicals) and other various substances added to it. Smoking is the leading cause of preventable disease and premature death globally (Fecko). It is a health hazard for both smokers and non-smokers and it is especially harmful to unborn babies. Although smokers claim that it helps them to relax and release stress, the negative aspects of the habit take over the positive. Cigarette smoking among adults has remained at about 20.8 percent since 2004 (Fecko). As it has been stressed by the scientists and experts, there are some very severe reasons of smoking but its crucial consequences should also be taken into consideration. There are many causes which make people smoke, however it can be divided into two main causes: physical and psychological.
First cause which is physical concerns the human body's needs. Nicotine contained in cigarette is an addictive substance. It is the chemical which causes addiction. Nicotine reduces tension in the muscles and allows smokers to relax so they feel that they can relieve stress by smoking. Nicotine can also have a calming effect on people who are anxious and worried. This is why it can bring a feeling of tranquility and help smokers to cope with stress. Thus, people smoke when they are depressed, lonely or bored. Reports show nicotine dependence severity has increased 12 percent, while the proportion of people classified as highly nicotine dependent has jumped 32 percent (Nicotine…). Nicotine is absorbed by the...