October 19, 2012
Causes and Effects of Gender Inequality
Throughout history, countless acts of gender inequality can be identified; the causes of these discriminating accounts can be traced back to different causes. The general morality of the inequity relies on a belief that men are superior to women; because of this idea, women have spent generations suffering under their counterparts. Also, a common expectation is that men tend to be more assertive and absolute because of their biological hormones or instinctive intellect. Another huge origin is sexual discrimination; even in the world today, many women are viewed by men as just sex objects rather than a real human being with standards and morals; due to carnal ideas, some men can also suffer from a gender stereotype. However it may occur, the main causes of gender differences can be traced back to a belief in male dominance, the biological hormones and intelligence of men and women, and sexual themes.
The presumption of male dominance has existed for a lengthy time; in ancient Greece, men ruled the cities while the women had to support the home. Medieval society, much like Greece, was completely dominated by men; according to Sally Smith’s “Women and Power in the Late Medieval English Village: a reconsideration”, “Women carried out the majority of tasks that took place in the medieval house, such as cooking, cleaning and activities associated with child rearing.” During this era, men set a list of laws that prohibited women from marrying without their parent’s consent, owning businesses, owning property unless they were widows, and having part in politics. On the other hand, men had all of these privileges. Women have slowly been able to obtain their rights. In the first half of the twentieth century, there have been few incidents where women got to assume the same roles as men; for example, during World War I, the men of the world went off to war leaving their jobs unoccupied. The only resource for labor that countries could rely on was women; therefore, women were granted jobs that were presumably meant for males. Although they have been given more rights and equality, women still lack fairness in areas such as education, domestic abuse, crime, and lower class value. Cassandra Clifford states in her article “Are Girls still marginalized? Discrimination and Gender Inequality in Today’s Society”, “Woman and girls are abused by their husbands and fathers, young girls are exploited by sex tourism and trafficking, girls in many countries are forced into arranged marriages at early ages. Twice as many women are illiterate as men, due to the large gap in education, and girls are still less likely to get jobs and excel in the work place than boys.” She describes some of the issues that women face today around the world. These issues are what keep society from coming together to form a better world. Today, women have more rights than ever before, but the belief of male has resulted in a never ending convention toward women. This leads to predetermined thought from younger girls that they must become inferior. Clifford states in her article, “Children look first to their own parents for examples and inspiration, therefore when a child see their mother living a life of inequality, the cycle often continues as girls feel there is no alternative for themselves.” When younger girls see their mother or any woman submitting to the standard, they feel they must do the same. An effect on men is that they have to live up to the standard of the superior gender; if they do not meet the general criteria, their confidence may be destroyed or they may be ridiculed by other males. There are many times when a man feels inferior to a woman who has a more masculine job or has a better salary. For example, a man who is a nurse may feel inferior to a woman who is an engineer; society has developed a general routine that keeps the man on...