LABORATORY EXERCISE no. 1
Breed of Ducks
* To be able to know the different breed of cattle and their characteristics and importance. II. MATERIALS
* Bond paper
* Reference book
III. GUIDE QUESTIONS:
1. What do you think is the most profitable way of raising cattle? Ans:
I think maybe making money in cattle comes down to either extreme of pasture. Meaning, either you have a butt load of marginal land that you turn the herd out on and ignore for 6 months, keeping your costs way down, then you sell 'em to a feed lot. Of course, you'd have to have inherited that land. Or, you set up an intensive grazing management system, with water in each paddock, rotate the paddocks being grazed, keep 'em clipped, etc. If you had to start from scratch with a confinement facility, manure management, feed processing, growing or buying etc, you'd never come out ahead. 2. Name the different breeds of cattle.
Choice of cattle breeds depends on the intended purpose (for meat, milk, or draft). Several breeds were introduced to improve the quality of existing stock. The following are some of the breeds that are proven adaptable:
1. For meat
* Ongole/Nellore. Usually colored white but its hump and neck are dark gray. Mature male weighs 730-834 kg while the female weighs 420-625 kg.
* Santa Gertrudis. Color is red to cherry red. Has loose hide with skin folds on the neck and sheath or navel flap. Hair is short and straight in warm climates. Usually horned. Male weighs 750-1000 kg and female weighs 563-670 kg.
* Bali or Banteng. Color is brown which changes to black for adult males. Body is neat, compact and deep with well-developed forequarters. The medium-sized horn curve up and slightly backward. Mature weight for males is 350-375 kg while females average about 210 kg. The udder is small with no distinct dewlap.
2. For dairy
* Brahman. Color varies from gray to white, brown, red, and black with occasional spots. It has a prominent hump over the shoulders with loose, pendulous skin under the throat. It has a long face with drooping ears. The mature male weighs 726-998 kg while the female weighs 454-635 kg. It is highly tolerant to heat and resistant to insects and diseases.
* Holstein Friesian. Its color combination of black and white may vary from a spotted white to almost all black. Quiet and docile. Mature male weighs 818 kg and female weighs 568 kg.Average milk production is 22 kg/day.
* Brown Swiss. Color ranges from fawn to almost black with light-colored muzzle and a stripe along the back. Quiet and docile. Matured male weighs 909 kg while female weighs 591 kg.Average milk production is 17 kg/day. *
3. What are the advantages of raising cattle?
Cattle can provide meat, milk, draft power, and fiber. They are also used as companions and riding animals with surprising frequency. Cattle can also be used as show animals, living lawnmowers, companions for horses, and as rodeo stock. Most are raised for profit and as a means to manage grasslands as bison once had, except that the bison population is too small to be able to be used on such native grasslands. Raising cattle also enables a person with experience and knowledge of how cattle behave, how to feed them, breed them, etc. This experience and knowledge can be used to teach other people who want to get into the business of raising cattle, and to share methods that you have learned with other experienced cattle producers. Raising cattle enables a person to get involved in managing and learning how the natural cycles and nature works according to how the grass and seasonal cycles work, especially if you are one to be raising cattle on grass only. Raising cattle also gives you a much more in-depth sight of what it takes to care for such animals that other people, especially those who live in cities, could never understand or appreciate....
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