Catherine Malasa

Topics: Psychology, Cognitive science, Cognitive psychology Pages: 10 (2289 words) Published: May 16, 2013
CHRESO UNIVERSITY

DISTANCE EDUCATION

NAME OF SCHOOL: FACULTY OFBUSINESS, HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES

DEPARTMENT: SOCIAL SCIENCES

COMPUTER NO:

PROGRAM: BARCHELAR of SCIENCE IN ECONOMICS

COURSE CODE: PSY 501

LECTURER: SIKABELE CHIKUBA

STUDENT: CATHERINE MALASA

SEMESTER: 1ST SEMESTER 1ST YEAR

ASSIGNMENT: NO 1

DUE DATE: 22ND MAY 2013

TELEPHONE NO: 0977322636

EMAIL: malasacatherine@gmail.com

CONTACT Address: PO BOX 34858 LUSAKA.

ASSIGNMENT QUESTION

Choose one of the following theories and give a comprehensive outline on the theory.

• Humanistic psychology

• Psychoanalysis

• Behaviorism

• Cognitive psychology

INTRODUCTION
Psychology is the scientific study of the mind and behavior.  Psychology is a multifaceted discipline and includes many sub-fields of study areas such as human development, sports, health, clinical, social behavior and cognitive processes. Because psychology is new a social science, it attempts to investigate the causes of behavior using systematic and objective procedures for observation, measurement and analysis, backed-up by theoretical interpretations, generalizations, explanations and predictions

Psychology is an academic and applied discipline that involves the scientific study of mental functions and behaviors[1] with the immediate goal of understanding individuals and groups by both establishing general principles and researching specific cases,[3][4] and by many accounts it ultimately aims to benefit society.[5][6] In this field, a professional practitioner or researcher is called a psychologist and can be classified as a social, behavioral, or cognitive scientist. Psychologists attempt to understand the role of mental functions in individual and social behavior, while also exploring the physiological and neurobiological processes that underlie certain cognitive functions and behaviors. Question: What Is Cognitive Psychology?

Answer:
Cognitive psychology is the branch of psychology that studies mental processes including how people think, acquire knowledge, perceive, learn, remember or store information and then apply it. As part of the larger field of cognitive science, this branch of psychology is related to other disciplines including neuroscience, philosophy and linguistics. Cognitive psychology studies in areas of research such as, Perception, attention, reasoning, thinking, problem solving, memory, learning, language, and emotion are areas of research. Classical cognitive psychology is associated with a school of thought known as cognitivism, whose adherents argue for an information processing model of mental function, informed by functionalism and experimental psychology. On a broader level, cognitive science is an interdisciplinary enterprise of cognitive psychologists, cognitive neuroscientists, researchers in artificial intelligence, linguists, human–computer interaction, computational neuroscience, logicians and social scientists. Computational models are sometimes used to simulate phenomena of interest. Computational models provide a tool for studying the functional organization of the mind whereas neuroscience provides measures of brain activity.

The core focus of cognitive psychology is on how people acquire, process and store information. There are numerous practical applications for cognitive research, such as improving memory, increasing decision-making accuracy and structuring educational curricula to enhance learning.

Until the 1950s, behaviorism was the dominant school of thought in psychology. Between 1950 and 1970, the tide began to shift against behavioral psychology to focus on topics such as attention, memory and problem-solving. Often...
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