Categorizing Fallacies

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Fallacy TypeFallacy Statement
Ad hominem/geneticMy friend, who goes to college in another state, said girls from that sorority are mean. That girl we just met,

Tracy, is from the same sorority, so I don’t trust her.

Wishful thinkingSure, I’ve heard that it’s better to not eat cheeseburgers every day, but it’s extra protein and protein is good for you.

“Argument” from popularityFrom a conspiracy theorist: “Come on, everyone knows that the government has lied to us in the past. This case isn’t any different.”

Hasty generalizingFrom a study group member: “I just don’t get it. One minute she says she’s coming, and then the next, she calls to cancel. I wonder if we can trust that the articles she submitted are what we need!”

“Argument” from outrageStomachache or not, how could you not eat your dinner after I spent all that time making it!

Straw manFrom one politician about another: “He’s a two-faced, liberal, anti-family, anti-values idealist!”

Post hocIf it weren’t for the president’s environmental policy, we wouldn’t be dealing with these environmental catastrophes.

Red herring/smokescreenFrom a teenager confronted by his parent about breaking curfew: “Why do we have to keep harping on this curfew thing? Let’s talk about that A grade I’m getting in algebra.”

Group thinkOn a radio ad: “Have you been fatigued, irritable, moody? If these symptoms are ignored, you might become depressed or even suicidal! Ward off the blues by taking a pill proven to cheer you up. Millions of people have, and they’re glad they did!”

Scare tacticsYou’re going out with Carron? Well, she’s a nice person, but I hear her last relationship was a wreck! I’d be careful if I were you. Poisoning the wellI don’t care if she is the top psychiatrist in the state! Her theory on sibling rivalry is extreme. How can we believe anything she says if she subscribes to theories of that nature?

Apple polishingIt takes someone with a really big heart to give to...
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