Wearing UV-protecting sunglasses and regular intake of antioxidants may slow the development of cataracts. N-acetylcarnosine eye drops is topical non-surgical treatment of cataracts, which can improve transmissivity and reduce glare sensitivity. The most common types of surgical treatments include intracapsular cataract extraction (ICCE), Extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE) and phacoemulsification (Phaco). Surgical removal is more effective for stopping cataract formation.
Progression of cataracts can be slowed by avoiding large amounts of ultraviolet light, not smoking, and following a healthy diet. Wearing UV-protection sunglasses when exposed to sunlight can be helpful.
Topical treatment (eye drops) with the less well-known antioxidant N-acetylcarnosine has been shown in randomized controlled clinical trials to improve transmissivity and reduce glare sensitivity for patients with cataracts. Surgical:
Currently, the most effective treatment for cataracts is surgical removal. Medications cannot stop cataract formation. They most common types of surgical treatment include:
intracapsular cataract extraction (ICCE)
Extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE)
intracapsular cataract extraction involved removal of the entire lens and its supporting structures. Extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE) and phacoemulsification (Phaco) involves removal of the cataract leaving the posterior capsule intact. The difference between ECCE and Phaco is the size of the incision and the technique of cataract removal. With ECCE, the incision is approximately 6 millimeters. The central nucleus of the cataract is removed by gentle external expression. Then the incision is closed with about 3 sutures. By comparison, a Phaco incision is only approximately 2 millimeters. Ultrasound energy dissolves the nucleus and it is aspirated through a small instrument. The incision may or may not require...