Case summary Lord of the Flies
Let us talk about contingency theory and leadermember exchange related to the movie “Lord of the Flies”. The movie shew how a leadership style that works perfectly in a situation could not work so well in another situation. When the children arrived on the desert island they first tried to implement the leadership style they were used to in their military school. As a result Ralph, who had the highest rank according to the school structure, appeared to be the legitimate leader. But soon Ralph’s leadership did not fit with the situation on the island. He was leading ten year old boys in an environment completely different than the military school (no rules, no hierarchy...). As a result he lost control and and his position as a leader. On the contrary Jack perfectly adapted his leadership to the situation. He was able to give his followers what they wanted. That relates us to the chapter on satisfaction and motivation among followers. Jack found what really motivated ten year old boys lost in a desert island: games, hunting and monsters. The best dream for any kid at their age. Jack had a high LPC score since he was more people oriented. According to Fiedler’s analysis, the situation on the island perfectly fit with Jack’s leadership: Jack is effective when everything is out of control. On the other side Ralph would have been more effective in an ordinary situation with no disruption since he is more task oriented. Ralph’s leadership mismatched with the situation. If we talk about leadermember exchange we can see how Piggy and Ralph soon were placed out of the group by the real leader Jack. During the first days in the island Ralph and Jack observed each other, they were assessing each other....
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