Week 3 – Due Sunday, January 22, 2012
DeVry University – Contemporary History – Professor Alison Rose
Case Study: Women in the Second World War
Clare Boothe Luce, Dorothea Lange, and Esther Bubley may not have known each other directly, but they have a lot in common. These women were on the front lines during World War II risking everything, including their lives, as correspondents. Their experiences were as unique and dangerous as they were their own. While they have similarities, each experienced the war in different ways.
Clare Boothe Luce was a congresswoman, ambassador, and playwright who suffered alongside the men laying down their lives. Her articles incited Winston Churchill himself to change the Middle Eastern Military Policy. While she considered herself more of a playwright above all else, Luce weathered bomb raids in both Europe and the Far East and house arrest in Trinidad. Her experiences led to her first non-fiction book, Europe in Spring.
Dorothea Lange, unlike Luce, documented the war with pictures instead of words. Her vivid depictions of incarcerated and relocated Japanese-American families were uncomfortable even to the United States. She showed the real side of the camps, including the true spirit of the people trying to survive despite racial discrimination and imprisonment. She portrayed these people as the courageous and dignified people they were, oftentimes putting her on the side considered “wrong”. She knew the internment camps were wrong, and tried to show people the horrific nature of the absence of civil rights.
Like Lange, Esther Bubley chose to express her experiences of the Second World War through photography. However, she chose to depict the average American around the nation. She was sent by Office of War Information on a cross country bus ride to document the changes of the American people, recovering from the Great Depression and mobilizing to the fever...