Intergovernmental Relations and Ocean Policy Change: 1971-85
Changes in policy can be affected by influential people, private groups , and political interests to say the least. This case study, in my opinion, is an example of how political interests can and does dictate change or stagnation for the purpose of profit and corporate growth. Ocean dumping affects all of us but it is easy to profit from it with the right connection and political power. In summary, the previously stated case study contemplates the policy changes and its influence from political interests from the 1970’s to the mid 80’s. I will attempt to summarize, identify key issues, and choose a side on ocean dumping.
In the early 1970’s President Nixon announced his administration’s opinion that America should take a stand on un-regulated ocean dumping. Immediately after this National Address the EPA, which the sitting Administration appoints its leaders, fully supported this notion and spearheaded a bill which soon after in 1972 the Congress passed as the MPRSA Act. (Stewart, Hedge Jr., &Lester. 2008. p.154). This new bill imposed the strictest guidelines in history and appeared to be headed towards complete termination of ocean dumping. Along with this new policy came a permit system designed to ban dredged spoils and limit all other materials. By October 1973, the EPA imposed it final recommendations to end all dumping regardless of justifications by corporations that it wouldn’t harm marine life. The EPA took a stand tp be the first to protect the oceans.
Later in 1980, the city of New York applied for permit to dump sewage sludge and was rejected by the EPA. New York City filed suit in Federal Court, which is in New York City, and Case Study 3 boldly blocked the EPA’s mandate to limit dumping. While waiting for the...