Case Study/Reaction Paper|
The Stanford Prison Experiment|
Reviewing and Analyzing:
The Stanford Prison Experiment
The Stanford Prison Experiment was conducted at Stanford University in California from August 14 to August 20, 1971. Led by psychology professor Philip Zimbardo, twenty-four male students whom were chosen out of 75, were randomly assigned roles of prisoners and guards, for an investigation into the causes of conflict between military guards and prisoners. According to Zimbardo, this was funded through the US Office of Naval Research and took place out of the basement of the Stanford psychology building which they transformed into a mock prison [ (Stanford Prison Experiment, 2013) ].
The participants, who were chosen, answered a newspaper ad asking for volunteers to help establish psychological effects on those in prison; while being paid $15 per day. [ (Stanford Prison Experiment, 2013) ]. In order to conceal the surroundings of the area, and to make it more believable, the “prisoners” were blindfolded anytime that they left their cell in order to make sure no one could visualize the exit. Prisoners were not addressed by their name, but by their ID numbers; giving them a sense that they were no longer more valuable than the guy in a cell down. Guards wore khaki shirt and pants that were similar to that of an actual prison guard, and mirrored sunglasses to prevent any eye contact. The prisoners on the other hand, wore only a white gown no undergarments, a chain around one ankle, and a stocking cap; made out of women’s leggings. The prison cells were able to hold three prisoners each, and until the study was complete, that is where the participants would spend all day and night. The guards however, worked their eight-hour shifts and were able to go home after every day.
On the second day of the experiment, the three prisoners in a cell, blocked their cell door with their beds and took of their stocking caps; refusing to...