Case Study on the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration’s Airport Planning & Capacity Department and Its Importance in the Aviation Industry

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Case Study on the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration’s Airport Planning & Capacity Department and its importance in the Aviation Industry

Module: Operations and Quality Management (MGT 6383) Year: 2012

Executive Summary
The Airport Planning and Capacity is a department of the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) which is the National Aviation Authority of the United States. The FAA has the authority to monitor and regulate all aspects of civil aviation in the United States. The Airport Planning and Capacity office plays a major role in the FAA due to the increasing number of airplane users in the United States. The National Airspace system of the United States has become increasingly congested over time, thus, imposing additional costs of delay on passengers and the region. The various continuous problems being generated in the national airspace system of the U.S. is not only a difficult challenge for the Airport Planning and Capacity department, but also one that would require an advanced level of critical thinking from an operational perspective, for the days that lie ahead for the National Airspace system.

Contents
Introduction .................................................................................................................................................. 1 Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) ..................................................................................................... 1 The Importance of the Airport Planning and Capacity Department............................................................. 3 Capacity Needs.......................................................................................................................................... 3 The National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems (NPIAS) ........................................................................ 4 Airport Improvement Program (AIP) ........................................................................................................ 4 Factors Affecting the FAA’s AIP Funding Decisions................................................................................... 4 Challenges Faced by Airports in Planning ................................................................................................. 5 Conclusion ..................................................................................................................................................... 6 Reference(s) .................................................................................................................................................. 7

Introduction
Airport Planning and Capacity is an important body of the FAA. Airport Planning ensures the long-term maintenance of the individual facilities and the entire system as a whole. Airport planning can include a wide variety of studies that included – airport facility planning, air capacity and system planning, environmental studies and more. (WSDOT, 2011) According to the Washington State Department of Transportation Aviation Division (WSDOT Aviation) it is generally recognized that there are three primary levels at which airport planning can be performed or segmented into: Strategic-Level – The strategic level examines the long-term structures and determines the effectiveness of the various structures in terms of its ability to identify goals and objectives. Tactical-Level – This level deals with the short-term and medium-term courses of actions that fit into the overall strategic plans and goals Project-Level – The project-level identifies a defined aspect of a tactical plan and also determine the optimum manner required to execute that aspect into a project form. Airport planning can be an extremely complex process. This is because an airport covers a wide range of activities that often have different and sometimes, conflicting requirements. Also, there are multiple industries, federal and international regulations and best management...
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