M&A involves using more than one valuation technique to arrive at a valuation that we think is fair. The most common techniques used are:
Comparable Publicly traded companies (“Public Comps”) – this analysis indicates how the stock markets are valuing companies that are similar to the target
Precedent Comparable Transaction analysis (“Transaction Comps”) – this analysis indicates the valuations at which prior M&A transactions have been done in the same industry as that of the target.
DCF analysis – is one of the most important valuation techniques
Sum-of-the-parts analysis – If a target has more than one lines of business, the financial advisor will value each business separately. Therefore, each “part” might have its own Public Comps, Transaction comps and DCF (with different WACCs for each part). The total value is the sum of the parts
Other –depending on the unique characteristics of the transaction, financial advisors will perform a number of other analyses to arrive at fair value like Leveraged Buyout (“LBO”) Analysis, Historical Exchange Ration analyses etc.
Compare the current trading level of a Company to its peer group of companies
The peer group is a set of 5 to 10 companies that are most similar to the target in terms of business mix and strategy, geographic risks(same country), margins and size. (i.e. processed meats and raw meats are different).
To find a good peer group start broad (all companies in the SIC code) and then narrow the list to the most comparable peers. Also refer to equity research reports, industry reports, the company’s 10K where its discusses competitors and Bloomberg (Quote 2) to identify the most comparable peers. (look at filing 8K, prospectuses when they do a filing for new debt or equity – in freeedgar.)
The goal of the analysis is to understand how the markets is valuing the peer group in terms of Price to Earnings, Price to... [continues]
Cite This Essay
(2011, 03). Case Study Guide. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 03, 2011, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Case-Study-Guide-639126.html
"Case Study Guide" StudyMode.com. 03 2011. 03 2011 <http://www.studymode.com/essays/Case-Study-Guide-639126.html>.
"Case Study Guide." StudyMode.com. 03, 2011. Accessed 03, 2011. http://www.studymode.com/essays/Case-Study-Guide-639126.html.