Case Study

Topics: Karl Marx, Marxism, Socialism Pages: 12 (4226 words) Published: May 18, 2013
Karl Marx
How to Cite
Famous as: Philosopher
Born on: 05 May 1818    Famous 5th May Birthdays
Born in: Brückergasse, Trier
Died on: 14 March 1883
Nationality: Germany
Zodiac Sign: Taurus    Famous Taureans
Works & Achievements: The Philosophical Manifesto of the Historical School of Law, Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right, On the Jewish Question, Notes on James Mill, Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts, The Holy Family, Theses on Feuerbach, The German Ideology, The Poverty of Philosophy, Wage-Labor and Capital. -------------------------------------------------

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Karl Heinrich Marx was a popular German philosopher, political economist, historian, political theorist, sociologist, and revolutionary socialist. His works have inspired the foundations of several communist regimes in the twentieth century. The theories of Marx based on societies, economics and politics were altogether called as Marxism. He was also responsible for the socio-political theory of Marxism. In addition to that, the growth of modern social science and the socialist political movement was greatly influenced by the Marxist ideas of Karl. His most famous works are The Communist Manifesto and Capital. Most of his works were co-written with his friend Friedrich Engels, who was the fellow German revolutionary socialist. Karl Marx Childhood & Early Life

Karl Heinrich Marx was born on May 5, 1818 at Brückergasse in Trier to a middle-class fairly wealthy family. His father, Hirschel Marx, was the owner of numerous Moselle vineyards, but as he was a Jew, he faced quite a many disadvantages both legally and financially. As a result, his father decided to convert from Judaism to Lutheranism before his son’s birth. He also replaced Heinrich in place of Hirschel. Initially, Marx received education privately and started attending Trier High School in 1830. In 1835, he commenced studying at the University of Bonn. He was eager to study philosophy and literature, but his father forced him to study law. During this time, Marx even suffered from a weak chest which is why he was refrained from military service. During his years at the University, he became a member of the Trier Tavern Club drinking society and also served as its co-president for sometime. Academically, due to his lack of interest in law, his grades were consistently low which finally resulted in him being transferred to the University of Berlin. In the meantime, Marx was greatly influenced by the work of G. W. F. Hegel, a German philosopher. But this fascination soon turned into disagreement, as Marx got involved with a committee of radical thinkers called as the young Hegelians. Much like Marx, though the group was critical of Hegel's metaphysical assumptions, they still adopted his dialectical method to criticize the established society, politics and religion. Marx gained interest in writing and in 1937 came out with a short novel titled “Scorpion and Felix”. Soon he left writing fictions, rather focused on learning English and Italian. In 1841, he completed his doctoral thesis called “The Difference Between the Democritean and Epicurean Philosophy of Nature”. The thesis invited several controversies too, specifically to the conservative professors of the University of Berlin. Following the same reason, Marx submitted it to the University of Jena. The university also awarded him PhD on the basis of the same.  

Marx was extensively interested academics but took journalism. In 1842, he shifted to the city of Cologne and started writing for the radical newspaper “Rheinische Zeitung”. In his writings, he showcased his socialist views on politics. Marx greatly criticized Europe governments, their policies, liberals and other members of the socialist movement as according to him their ideas were ineffective or completely anti-socialist. By the course of time, the newspaper became quite appealing to the Prussian...
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