Case management was developed in the late 1960’s early 1970’s by mental health and social service workers to provide services to the criminal justice population (Case Management in the Criminal Justice System, 1999). The primary purpose of case management is to enable juveniles to use their natural strengths and resources to achieve their goals. Since family is a fundamental element of a young person's support system, they are also included in the treatment process. Family members need just as much help as the juveniles most times. However, there are other key factors in the process of reducing juvenile delinquency. Such as, juvenile courts, schools, police, and community- based programs.
Case management is defined as ways to utilize resources geared toward meeting the needs of its clients. Case management is multi-faceted. The process of treatment includes: accessing client needs, finding services, developing a plan of care, monitoring client progress, modifying the treatment plan as needed, and being there with them through every step of the way(Wraparound, N/A). The main objective is to improve the functioning of the juvenile by providing quality services in an efficient manner; the goals are to guide the juvenile and their family through the course of service providers (Case Management in the Criminal Justice System, 1999). By empowering juveniles to use their strengths and resources, the system hopes to reduce recidivism and relapse (Roberts, 2004).
The three models of case management are: strength-based, assertive, and mixed model. Each model has its own approach in how is used. The first model discussed is strength-based which was introduced in the 1980's. Typically, this model begins with an assessment of the individual's strengths that can be used to face the problems they are facing. This model is passive and is based on the premise that the client will recognize their own strengths and build on them through treatments and service plans (Case Management in the Criminal Justice System, 1999). Even when they are opposed to help they possess a psychological self wisdom that can cause them to discover for themselves their inner strengths. This will help to make significant improvements in facing life's challenges. The second model discussed of case management is the assertive model. This approach is more aggressive. When this model of care is used, the majority of services are provided outside of an office setting and they will even go as far as finding them at their homes or in neighborhoods (Roberts, 2004). As a result, an emphasis is placed on outreach and relationship building through the communities. The third model is the mixed model which is a combination of the other two models. This approach is for the case manager to take on a therapeutic role. This model is the most common of the three models because it allows the case manager to better deal with the individual personalities and needs of their clients. Each juvenile is different and requires different service that others may not require.
Case management does not just require education and counseling. There are six basic elements that will support a successful juvenile justice case management: Case assessment and classification, Case...