Case Analysis of Pigmy

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INDIVIDUAL ASSIGNMENT ON ARTICLE

By

B.T.E. Fernando (2011/MBA/WD/11)

Semester I - First Half
November , 2011
Programme : Master of Business Administration (MBA) weekday (2011-2013) Course : MBA 531 – Organizational Behaviour
Lecturer : Prof. Gamini de Alwis

Postgraduate and Mid-Career Development Unit
Faculty of Management and Finance
University of Colombo

Table of Contents

Acknowledgement……………………………………03
Summary of the Article…….…………………………04 Review of the Article………………………………...06 Conclusion……………………………………………13 References……………………………………………14

Acknowledgement

For this assignment I have selected the Article on High Performance Teams: “Lessons from the Pygmies” which published in the magazine of Organizational Dynamics for the issue of Winter 1999, and which was written by Manfred F.R. Kets De Vries. I wish to express my appreciation to Prof. Gamini de Alwis, for his guidance, advice and support rendered to me towards the analysis of this Article. With no hesitation, Prof. de Alwis shared his knowledge among the class with good sense of humor enabling me to understand the subject very easy.

1. Summary of the Article

“Pygmy” is a term used for various populations inhabiting in central Africa, and whose average height is usually short. The life of the pygmy society is very simple and for the survival of the life they do hunting game, gathering honey, fruits, nuts, roots, plants and certain insects, and trading with nearby villagers for vegetables, tobacco, metal, tools and clothes. This society does not have formal structure of rules. The entire community is functioning well with the informal rules, which comes from their culture on generation to generation. As a society they are well cooperative with each other and they have the good understanding about the society members. Honest parental figures who respond to the needs of children shows that how much this society members are with their children. This society actually does not know about the Child neglect and abuse.

The writer of the Article has identified that these society members having some special attributes towards the decision making process and working as teams. This society provides corporate society with an example of a cohesive team structure and which follows with effective leadership.

The writer has identified seven lessons in the “Pygmy” society which facilitate for the effective team work.

1). Members respect and trust each other
In their day to day life these people face lot of threats. To overcome such threats, trust and mutual dependency play an important role.

2). Members protect and support each other
As a human condition conflicts with team members are in common in the “pygmy” society as well. When those arises they will sort out differences between themselves while maintain individual self-respect.

3). Members engage in open dialogue and communication
Willingness to show emotions by society team members helps reduce defensiveness and leads to more honest communication.

4). Members share a strong common goal
As in corporate world this society people also have a common goal and they work effectively towards achieving that goal as a team.

5). Members have strong shared values and beliefs
This society is coming from generation to generation and they do have culture and beliefs. These values and beliefs would define the attitudes and norms that will lead the behavior of the people of the society.

6). Members subordinate their own objectives to those of the team These society team members also may understand individual and team role and they operate within the boundaries of the team rules.

7). Members subscribe to “distributed” leadership
In “pygmy” groups they do not have the ‘Big men’ concept. Leader is not the monopoly of one glorious leader. They strongly believe that leaders are distributed throughout the community and everyone can be involved in decision making...
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