Case Analysis: Basic Earthquake Safety Procedure

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CASE ANALYSIS: BASIC EARTHQUAKE SAFETY PROCEDURE

I. OBJECTIVES
A. To develop safety awareness among all students in cases of earthquakes

B. To establish procedures which will govern all actions and activities during the occurrence of earthquake in order to avoid panic thereby saving lives and minimizing physical injuries to people and damage to school properties.

II. GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT EARTHQUAKES
A. Earthquakes are nature‘s way of releasing dangerous strains that accumulate inside the earth‘s crust.

B. They occur without warning and affect large areas.

C. The initial shock may last a few minutes. It may be followed by aftershocks which are generally lesser in intensity than the initial shock.

D. Aftershocks may come in rapid succession immediately after the initial shock or may vary from a few minutes to several hours or days.

E. Dangers from earthquakes are:

1. Collapse of structures
2. Falling objects (pictures, items in cupboards and on shelves, ceiling tiles, fixtures, furniture, file cabinets, and bookshelves) 3. Swinging doors and broken windows
4. Fire beginning from electrical short circuits or broken gas mains

III. DRILL PROCEDURES
A.TAKE COVER under desk or tables

B.FACE AWAY from windows
C.ASSUME ―CRASH‖ POSITION on knees, head down, hands clasped on back of neck or head covered with book or jacket

D. COUNT ALOUD to 60 – earthquakes rarely last longer than 60 seconds and counting is calming.

IV. INDIVIDUAL SAFETY MEASURES
A. Pre-select a safe place in your area which you can automatically occupy in case of an earthquake.

B. Remain calm and don‘t panic.

C. Safety measures when inside a building:

1. Take cover under a heavy piece of furniture like a table or armrest of a classroom chair. A furniture piece may absorb the shock of falling objects, walls and the like. 2. Do not try to get out of the premises if there is danger of flying debris, falling objects...
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