The Philippines Republic Act No. 6657, which institutes the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP), declares two objectives in its title: to promote social justice and to promote industrialization. Section 2 of the Act is more specific by pronouncing: "The welfare of the landless farmers and farm workers will receive highest consideration to promote social justice and to move the nation toward sound rural development and industrialization.... To this end a more equitable distribution and ownership of land shall be undertaken to provide farmers and farm workers with the opportunity to enhance their dignity and improve the quality of their lives through greater productivity of agricultural lands" (Government of the Philippines, 1988, p. 3).
For many years, farmers till agricultural lands not for themselves but for the landowners and being paid for the job done. They even not own the house that they lived in; they act as caretakers of the land and they do not have benefits aside from the payment that they get from doing the job. Our government formulate ways to abolish large landed property and feudal production system. The rural population should be appeased and integrated into the society, and this would contribute to the political stability of the country. Comprehensive agrarian reform program (CARP) aims at reducing the inequalities in income, wealth and living standards and at strengthening independent and self reliant farmers. The economic objectives of such reforms are to abolish inefficient production structures, exploit the efficiency of family farms, increase agricultural production and increase demand for farm inputs and services that stimulate development in the non-agricultural sector.
The primary objective of CARP is to distribute land to the landless and to maintain economic sized farms in Philippine Agriculture. This will result in a redefinition of property rights among landowner, tenants, hired laborers and landless workers...
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