Tamula, Francesca Marie
The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP) aims to improve and increase the equity in productivity and growth among the rural areas. It aspires to provide more economic and political consent for the poor and increase their social capital. Land reform has always been part of every President's concern for the development of the country. The implementation of CARP contributes to the Philippines road to development through an equitable distribution of land.
Engaging to involve private and public lands in the program, CARP fairly aimed to convert share tenants into own cultivators of lands. Public lands, on the other hand seek to institute land settlements where large farms could be payable to landless farmers.
1.1 Early Agrarian Reform Program
The country's problem on biased agrarian structure has long been one of the major problems existing in the Philippine society. One of these problems is the unequal and shortage of land distribution. Another would be the uprisings of peasants, which occurred during the Spanish times due to the development of the hacienda and encomienda system. Because of these problems, the Americans who colonized the Philippines developed resolutions land reforms.
William H. Taft, the 27th President of the United States, came up with a plan of purchasing 166, 000 hectares of friar landholdings which were to be distributed among 60, 000 tenants. However, this plan fell short for the reason that the tenants were uneducated on the law and the lands were sold at very high prices. (Adriano, 1991)
Other than Taft's plan, Americans continuously established measures to resolve land problems. They came up with the "Homesteading Program", which basically encouraged Filipinos to settle in areas which are not fully developed and aim to improve these lands. Again, this measure did not aspire since Filipinos did not prefer to stay there. The administration... [continues]
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