Personality theories have presented a wide assortment of explanations for behavior and what represents the person. Rogers' theory of personality advanced from his work as a medical psychologist and developed his theory of client-centered which was later called person-centered therapy (Rogers, 1959). He was a therapist, who had respect for individuals and an interest in people as subjects not objects. Rogers study of individuals is idiographic and phenomenological. His view of human behavior is that it is “rational" (Rogers, 1961, p.194). In Rogers opinion: "the center of man's nature is basically positive" (1961, p.73), he is a “dependable organism" (1977, p.7).
Carl Rogers was born on January 8, 1902, in Oak Park, Illinois, a Chicago suburb. His father was a civil engineer and his mother was a Christian woman and a housewife. Carl was four of six children.
Following an education in a religious and moral environment, he became somewhat isolated, disciplined and self-sufficient person. He gained knowledge and an appreciation for the scientific method in a no nonsense world. At the University of Wisconsin-Madison, Rodgers first professional choice was farming, followed by History then Religion.
In 1922, at the young age of 20, Rodgers took a trip to Peking, China, for an international Christian seminar, this is when he started to distrust his religious beliefs. To help him explain his career choice, he attended a seminar entitled why am I entering the Ministry. He left the Institution after two years to attend Teachers College, Columbia University, he obtain an M.A. in 1928 and a Ph.D. in 1931. As Rodgers was completing his doctoral
Carl Rogers Neighborhood 3
work, he engaged in a child study at the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, in Rochester, New York. In 1930, he became the agencies director. While Rogers was employed by the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children he wrote his first book, The... [continues]
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