CARL JUNG 1875 - 1961
Dr. C. George Boeree
Jung's theory divides the psyche into three parts. The first is the ego, which Jung identifies with the conscious mind. Closely related is the personal unconscious, which includes anything that is not presently conscious, but can be. The personal unconscious is like most people's understanding of the unconscious in that it includes both memories that are easily brought to mind and those that have been suppressed for some reason. But it does not include the instincts that Freud would have it include.
But then Jung adds the part of the psyche that makes his theory stand out from all others: the collective unconscious. You could call it your "psychic inheritance." It is the reservoir of our experiences as a species, a kind of knowledge we are all born with. And yet we can never be directly conscious of it. It influences all of our experiences and behaviors, most especially the emotional ones, but we only know about it indirectly, by looking at those influences.
There are some experiences that show the effects of the collective unconscious more clearly than others: The experiences of love at first sight, of deja vu (the feeling that you've been here before), and the immediate recognition of certain symbols and the meanings of certain myths, could all be understood as the sudden conjunction of our outer reality and the inner reality of the collective unconscious. Grander examples are the creative experiences shared by artists and musicians all over the world and in all times, or the spiritual experiences of mystics of all religions, or the parallels in dreams, fantasies, mythologies, fairy tales, and literature.
A nice example that has been greatly discussed recently is the near-death experience. It seems that many people, of many different cultural backgrounds, find that they have very similar recollections when they are brought back from a close encounter with death. They speak of leaving their bodies,... [continues]
Cite This Essay
(2011, 05). Carl Jung Theory. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 05, 2011, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Carl-Jung-Theory-710081.html
"Carl Jung Theory" StudyMode.com. 05 2011. 05 2011 <http://www.studymode.com/essays/Carl-Jung-Theory-710081.html>.
"Carl Jung Theory." StudyMode.com. 05, 2011. Accessed 05, 2011. http://www.studymode.com/essays/Carl-Jung-Theory-710081.html.