Theories of Personality
In this paper I will show some of Jung’s back ground, his theory, and speak of his contribution to the world of
psychology. His contribution was a great one, and it was said that many of his theories were more complicated than
many of the other psychologists of his time. As I read about him, I began to appreciate his passion for this subject.
There were a few reasons that I chose him. First, I think it’s amazing his contribution to figuring out, ”personality types.” Second, I find it interesting that he was spiritual, and incorporated some of that spirituality to his theories. He was one of the theorists that took an approach to the conscious and subconscious mind. Consequently, he had a lot of spiritual experiences, and those experiences led him to believe he had to seek something greater to find answers. Jung was born in Kesswil, Switzerland on July 26, 1875. As a young boy he was raised in a household where his father was a minister. In 1895, he got his education at the
University of Basel. He completed school with a medical
degree in 1900. He would then begin working as a
psychiatrist at a mental hospital called Zurich. He worked
there until 1907(Jung In Contexts: A Reader).
It would be at that period in his life that his family would introduce him to performing séances (Religion and the Cure of Souls in Jung’s Psychology). This is also the time when he became interested in the activity that was not of our natural world.
His long time mentor was Sigmund Freud. For many
years he learned from him, and was trained by him. Freud
had radical theories on human sexuality, and based much of
his theory towards that sexuality, and how it affected the
psyche. Jung, however, did not agree with Freud, and their
relationship was affected because of this feud between them. Jung chose to separate himself from being trained by him,
and went on to create his own theories, as well as lecturing around the world.
Jung had many contributions to psychology that are
complex. His key contribution to psychology was the
“Personality Theory.” Jung stated that our psyche functioned in two different ways, introverted or extroverted. He also
branched that out in to four other functions. Those functions include,” (1) sensing, which detects the presence of objects; (2) thinking, which tells us what an object is; (3) feeling, which tells us whether an object is acceptable or unacceptable; and (4) intuiting, which allows us to make guesses about objects or events in the absence of factual information. The thinking and feeling functions are rational, and the sensing and intuiting functions are irrational. By combining the two attitudes and the four functions, a description of eight personality types is possible: a thinking extrovert, a feeling extrovert, a sensing extrovert, an intuiting extrovert, a thinking introvert, a feeling introvert, a sensing introvert, and an intuiting introvert(An Introduction to Theories of Personality for Ashford University, 8th Edition. Pearson Learning Solutions p. 92).
Psychologists, counselors, and therapists all over the world test their clients on this theory to see what type of personality their clients have. This testing helps people to understand more about their self. Consequently, it also helps people to accept things about themselves, that they may have not been able to before.
According to David Buss(The Evolution of the Human
Personality), “Personality Psychology is the broadest, most integrative branch of psychological sciences.” I agree that it is one of the most important psychologies, that we have in this subject.
Many people are searching to learn about themselves. Self Conceptualization, is when a person learns about their culture, heritage, back ground, how they cope with issues, how they...