Carl Gustav Jung was born on 26th July, 1875 in Kesswyl, a town on Lake Constance in Switzerland. For sixty years, Carl Jung devoted himself with intense energy and with a singularity of purpose to analyzing the far-flung and deep-lying processes of human personality. Although Carl Jung’s theory of personality is usually identified as a psychoanalytic theory because of the emphasis that it places upon unconscious processes, it differs in some notable aspects from Freud’s theory of personality. What is so unique about Carl Jung’s view of humans is that it combines teleology with causality. The ego: Jung identified the ego with conscious mind. From an individual’s point of view ego is regarded as being the centre of consciousness. Consciousness is where those images are sensed by the ego. Its responsible for one’s feeling identity and continuity. The unconscious element has no relation with the ego. Jung’s idea of the ego is more restrictive than Freud. The ego is not the whole personality but must be completed by the more comprehensive self, the centre of the personality is largely unconscious, Jung said. The ego takes a secondary position to the unconscious self, in a healthy person. The personal unconscious: unconscious consists of the past experiences that were once conscious but have been repressed. Unconscious is adjoining the ego. The personal unconscious embraces all repressed, forgotten, or subliminally perceived experiences from one particular individual. The personal unconscious is similar to Freud’s view of the unconscious and the preconscious combined. There is also a great deal of two-way traffic between the personal conscious and ego. The collective unconscious: the collective unconscious is one of the most original and controversial theory of personality, by Jung. The content of the collective unconscious are the same more or less for people of every culture. It is also called as a store house of ancestral memory. This memory is...
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