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Carl Gustav Jung: a Notable Contributor to the Discipline of Psyc...

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Carl Gustav Jung: a Notable Contributor to the Discipline of Psychology

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Carl Gustav Jung:
A Notable Contributor to
The Discipline of Psychology

February 8, 2005

Carl Gustav Jung was a Swiss-German psychoanalyst who was one of the truly great minds of psychology and is often considered to be the father of humanistic and transpersonal psychology. Jung was born July 26, 1875 at Kesswil, Canton Thurgau, Switerland, and lived in Switzerland all his life. His father was a protestant parson; his grandfather, after whom he was named, was medical director of the University of Basil, where, in 1895, Carl became a medical student. He had originally wanted to be a surgeon, but his father could not afford the post-graduate schooling. As a senior, Carl attended psychology lectures, but was not at all interested in the subject. He read the text at the last moment before finals, and was amazed that the science was not more developed, like other fields of medicine. Psychiatry was somewhat held in contempt at the time, and many believed mental illness could not really be treated beyond institutional care. Further, no psychology regarded man as whole, but viewed symptoms of mental illness as entities unto themselves. While reading, Jung was reminded how, as a teenager, he had been fascinated by a girl he knew who, while in a trance, spoke a different German dialect and exhibited a completely different personality. He instantly became very interested and in that moment, decided to be a medical psychological scientist. After graduation, he became assistant at a teaching hospital in Zurich under Professor Eugen Bleuler, a prominent psychologist of the era, and began researching schizophrenia. His thoughts and mind were original, and from his first publication in 1902, he attracted attention. Even at this early stage in his career, he developed the concept of a "complex," and although word association was in wide use, no one had previously noticed the emotion associated with it; from this, Jung developed the technique of "free...

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