Assignment 2- Care that is provided for looked after children Introduction:
When working in a health and social care environment, social care especially it is important to understand the services available to those who may be in need, also it is good to have knowledge about the legislation that is put into place in order to help and protect children and their families. As someone of which has recently separated from their partner who happened to be a violent alcoholic, I have moved to a new area with my children and need to know about the services available to support myself and my children. Task 1
There are many different ways in which children can be looked after when they require care away from their families, these include: Adoption:
This is a legal process whereby the child or young person becomes a permanent member of a family of which is different from that of their birth family, it is a formal process and can arise due to a number of different circumstances, it may be the case that the child’s birth parent may have died meaning that adoption is the only care pathway available, alternatively the parents may give up all responsibility for the child and offer them up for adoption- an example of this scenario could be when the parents of the child are too young to be able to look after a child and are therefore unable to offer the child a good life so offer the child for adoption in a bid to give them a better life than they could offer. Foster care:
This can be both short or long term although the majority of foster care is short term. Foster care is when a child or young person goes to live with a foster carer temporarily, foster carers must undergo a number of checks from the local authority to ensure that they are suitable and competent to provide care to children and young people in their own homes, foster carers may be looking after teenagers, young children, babies or toddlers so they must be adaptable as they could be caring for children of different ages on a weekly basis and these children may have very complex issues and problems so it is also important that carers are patient and understanding.
This is usually a short term arrangement and decided in advance, and consists of the child or young person spending some time in a residential setting that caters for their specific needs when their family or usual carers need a break, the children and young people which use respite care usually have learning difficulties or disabilities, and this care gives them the opportunity to have a break from their family and also allows their family away from having to care for the child. Temporary/ Permanent care:
This is when care of a child becomes a permanent fixture, or a temporary one. A number of different assessments and procedures must be carried out before the care of a child of young person becomes permanent, temporary or permanent care can be arranged after these procedures have been completed. An example of permanent care would be of a child who has been in foster care for a long time and their parents are deemed incapable of caring for them so their care will become permanent as they are unable to return to their family. Residential care:
This is where children and young people stay at a residential home where staff can care for them, there are numerous reasons why children and young people may go into residential care- it may be the case of an emergency retreat from an abusive family situation or alternatively as a respite for the child or family unit. There are many different factors which must be taken into account before placing a child into one of these different care settings, things such as their individual care needs and continuity of education must be deeply considered, where possible it is important that children are able to maintain their educational status throughout going into and out of care, so trying to ensure that all...