Caribbean Studies Definitions

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Caribbean Studies Definitions
Term| Definition|
Tectonic activity| Earth movements that impact and influence the surface of the earth resulting in earthquakes, volcanic activity and mountain building are when plate margins interact with each other.| ENSO| El Niño- Southern Oscillation. El nin͂o refers to the warming of the sea surface in the equatorial Pacific, which leads to the atmospheric changes known as the Southern Oscillation and rainfall and temperature variations globally. | Environmental Hazard| Natural events such as volcanoes and earthquakes that could become disasters if they adversely affect human life and property.| Soil erosion| The process whereby soil is removed by the forces of win, water and moving ice. This can happen naturally or by human activities.| Encomienda| Legal system whereby the Amerindian population were defined as subjects of the Spanish Crown and expected to pay tribute in taxes and labour. In return they were to be taught Christianity and protected.| Plantation Society| George Beckford: the rigidly stratified system of social and economic relations enforced on plantations in the ‘New World’| Commonwealth| Independent and dependent states that were once colonies of the British. Countries gained through trade and other economic agreements.| Culture| The culture of a society is the way of life of its members, the collection of ideas and habits, norms and values which they learn, share and transmit from generation to generation.| Cultural Pluralism| Different cultural or racial groups in a society mixing only to a certain extent with limited social and cultural integration| Cultural Renewal | The revival of a cultural practice, possibly in relation to tourism- creating tourist packages or producing cultural artefacts| Cultural Imperialism/ Acculturation/Assimilation| The practices whereby a dominant culture attempts to promote their own culture and language over that of another. | Enculturation...
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