Caribbean Ia

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Caribbean Studies Internal Assessment

Name: Castini Harrikissoon
School:
Centre No: 160512
Candidate No: 1605120062
Theme: Deforestation
Topic: Impacts of Deforestation
Territory: Trinidad
Teachers Name:
Year: 2011

Acknowledgements

First and foremost I would like to thank God for persistence and strength for the completion of this assessment. Also special thanks are granted to my peers and my teacher Mr. Alston Abraham, for guidance and encouragement throughout my research project. Without their involvement this assessment would have not been made possible.

Table Of Contents

Introduction & Purpose of Research…………………………………………pg.1 Literature Review…………………………………………………………………….pg.3 Data Collection Sources……………………………………………………………pg.5 Presentation Of Findings………………………………………………………….pg.7 Analysis & Interpretation Of Findings……………………………………….pg.20 Discussion………………………………………………………………………………..pg.23 Conclusion/Limitations/Recommendation Of the Research……..pg.25 Bibliography…………………………………………………………………………….pg.27 Appendices

Questionnaire………………………………………………………………………….pg.28

Introduction & Purpose Of Research

The research question of this study which has been examined is, ‘What has been the impacts of deforestation on the physical and biotic environment within the area of Mayaro, Trinidad?’ This problem statement is followed by three (3) other related sub-questions: 1. How has deforestation affected the people and their properties within their area?

2. How has the removal of vegetation and trees affected the physical area of land?
3. What has been the negative impact of deforestation on wildlife?
Deforestation is the conversion of forest to non-forest. Every year in Trinidad and Tobago large areas of forested land is being deforested. Approximately seven hundred and fifty hectors (750 ha) or 0.31% of trees is lost each year mainly due to human demands. Some of which are for agriculture, squatting, mining, human development eg. infrastructure, building materials, paper and wood fuel. These increases in human demands have crucial impacts on both humans and our environments including wildlife. By conducting this research project, I am to determine those impacts on the environment. To my own benefit, this project would widen my knowledge of deforestation and how it affects the biophysical environment. And to others, mostly those in authority, I hope that they understand the negative impacts of their actions on humans, land and the natural ecosystems. Delimitations.

This research project and collection of data would only cover those impacts of deforestation, where surveys were done by the use of questionnaires which were responded by individuals between the age group of 18-50. All bounded within the area of Mayaro, Trinidad.

Location of study
Definition of key words:
Impact- a noticeable effect or influence.
Deforestation- the conversion of forest to non-forest.
Effects- a change which is a result of an action or other cause. Biotic environment- the living part of the environment.
Physical environment- includes the land area.
Wildlife- the native animals of a region.

LITERATURE REVIEW

Thesis: Deforestation negatively impacts the biophysical environment.

Book sources:
According to Trinidad’s state of the environment report (2004) by the EMA (Environmental Management Authority) “Deforestation has greatimpacts towards communities, by the removal of soil by the action of deforestation. One function of the forest is that its roots hold soil together in place. Without trees soil erosion, landslides and floods are easily triggered. When heavy rains and typhoons cove, soil is easily carried towards to lower areas endangering properties and wildlife.”

Author Mark Wilson states on page 234 of his book ‘The Caribbean Environment...
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