Caribbean Court of Justice

Topics: Trinidad and Tobago, Caribbean, Caribbean Community Pages: 2 (543 words) Published: April 15, 2013
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Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ) Kimberly Leed 2Y / History

The CCJ is the first proposed court of final jurisdiction for the Anglophone Caribbean, all other courts had to answer to the English court. The supremacy of the English courts was laid down in the Colonial Laws Validity Act of 1865, which formally conferred the power to make laws on colonial legislatures, but at the same time it declared that colonial laws inconsistent with an Act of the British Parliament would be void to the extent of its inconsistency. The Caribbean Court of Justice ( CCJ ) is the judicial institution of the Caribbean Community(CARICOM). Founded in 2001, it is based in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago. The Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ) is the regional judicial tribunal established by the "Agreement establishing the Caribbean Court of Justice". It had a long gestation period commencing in 1970 when the Jamaican delegation at the Sixth Heads of Government Conference, which convened in Jamaica, proposed the establishment of a Caribbean Court of Appeal in substitution for the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. The Caribbean Court of Justice has two jurisdictions: an original jurisdiction and an appellate jurisdiction: 1) In its original jurisdiction, the CCJ interprets and applies the Revised Treaty of Chaguaramas 2) In its appellate jurisdiction, the CCJ hears appeals as the court of last resort in both civil and criminal matters from those member states which have ceased to allow appeals to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (JCPC).  The Federation of the West Indies, which had four years, from 1958 to 1962, the Anglophone continental and insular Caribbean states formed the Caribbean Free Trade Association with a view to maintaining an economic link among the various former and continuing colonies of the United Kingdom.  On 1 August 1973, the successor to CARIFTA, the Caribbean Community and...
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