Legal Profession is one of the most lucrative and ever growing demand professions in the world at present. It is one of the most adventurous as well as an exciting career. Lawyers are held in high esteem all over the world, and there remains the faith that when all else fails, one can still take recourse to the legal system. In our daily life in one way or other we may come across situations where legal advice is required. In such situation we need the advice of legal professionals who analyse and interpret law properly. A lawyer is an individual licensed by the state to engage in the practice of law and advice clients on legal matters. Lawyers counsel clients about their legal rights and suggest course of action in a particular matter. They also advise clients and draw up legal documents, such as wills and contracts and conduct negotiations on legal matters, and may represent clients in court and tribunal proceedings, etc. Besides becoming a lawyer in the Court, there are numerous other opportunities a law graduate can pursue as an option which is discussed below. | |
2. Scope, prospects and career options:
a. Course Details
There are two main entrance options to join the study of law. One can either pursue a three-year law course (LLB) after graduation in any discipline or a five-year course after twelfth standard examinations, leading to a BA LLB (Hons). LLB course is sponsored by the Bar Council of India. Generally, eligibility for LLB is on the basis of marks scored at the graduation examinations. However, there are some Universities that conduct entrance tests too. Certain institutions like National Law School in Bangalore conduct an All India Entrance examination. The BA LLB programme usually covers practical training including court attendance, hands on training at legal aid centres and research projects. To be able to practise, it is mandatory to put in a year’s internship. This may be done during the course of the final year. After LLB if one wishes to pursue higher studies, LLM course is offered. The duration of LLm course is for 2 (two) years.
In addition to LL.B. degree, many universities and institutes also offer other diploma courses in several disciplines of law, where a student can pursue a course in a limited subject specialised course. There are various branches of specialisation in law like civil law, criminal law, corporate law, income tax law, international law, labour law, constitutional law, and patent law etc, etc.
b. Career Options:
Generally students who pursue law choose to practice in the Courts or work in the Law Firms. If one wishes to become an Advocate and practice law as a profession in India, he/she should enrol with the local State Central Bar council. An application for admission as an advocate shall be made in the prescribed form to the State Bar Council within whose jurisdiction the applicant proposes to practice. The Bar Council of India and the State Bar Councils forms a self contained code of law for legal professionals practicing in India. i. Government Services
Lawyers are appointed in central services (Indian legal service) through UPSC on grounds of their experience in the field. Posts covered under Indian legal service are Law officers, Assistant Advisors, Dy. Legal Advisors and Legal Advisors. State legal service appoints lawyers through SPSC exams in senior position in State police/Revenue/Judicial Departments. The basic qualification is degree in law, besides a degree in Arts / Science / Commerce / Agriculture. Average age limit is between 21 to 30 years. In the judiciary, the posts are that of the Magistrate, District and Sessions Judge, Sub-Magistrate, Public Prosecutor, Solicitors, Attorney General, Advocate General, Notary and Oath Commissioner. There are also legal secretaries appointed in assemblies, law inspectors, legal officers in banks, judicial members of income tax, sales tax and...