The Cardinal’s scientific name is cardinalis.
The Cardinal’s wingspan is 12 inches. Their body is 8 ¾ inches in length. They only weight 1.6 oz.
The male cardinal is bright red with a pointed crest on the top of his head. The female cardinal is brown with a little red on her head, wings and tail. The cardinal uses the perching feet to search for food. The beak is short, stout and red. They can pick the seeds up with their beak. The cardinal eats seeds, in sects, spiders, wild fruits and berries.
The cardinal lives in southern Canada, through the eastern United States from Maine to Texas and south through Mexico.
The cardinal’s nest is a bowl shape that is 2-3 inches tall and 4 inches across and they are 3-30 feet above ground. The nest is made out of small twigs, bark strips, vines leaves, rootlets, paper and lined with vines, grasses and hair. The nest takes any where from 3 to 9 days to build. Cardinals usually don’t use their nest more then once.
The Cardinal’s eggs are laid one to six days following the completion of the nest. The eggs are white, with a tint of green, blue or brown, and are marked with lavender, gray, or brown blotches which are thicker around the larger end. The shell is smooth and slightly glossy. Three or four eggs are laid in each clutch. The eggs measure approximately 1x.75 inches in size. The female generally incubates the eggs, though, rarely the male will incubate for a brief periods of time. Incubation takes 12 to 13 days.
The Cardinal makes a alarm call and it is a short metallic chirp sound. The normal sound is a clear whistle (Purdy Purdy).
The Cardinal does not migrate. They stay in cold states too. They are active in the day time. Backyard favorites are the black-oil sunflower seed and cracked corn.
It is illegal to kill or take the cardinals. Violation of the law is punishable by a fine of up to $15,000 and imprisonment of up to 6 months.