The purpose of this presentation is to describe carbohydrates and how they benefit the human body. We will examine the basic functions of sugars and starches, and healthy sources from which to obtain carbohydrates. We will also discuss diabetes, how it affects the body, and methods of managing the disorder. A carbohydrate is a neutral compound of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen that supply energy to the human body in the form of glucose. They are one of the main types of nutrients and are classified as either simple or complex. Simple carbohydrates include sugars and complex carbohydrates include starches and fibers. Simple sugars can come from fruits (fructose), milk products (galactose), and vegetables. Complex carbs come from legumes, starchy vegetables, and whole grain breads and cereal. When sugars and starches enter the body they are broken down and used for energy. Whatever is not used can be stored in the liver for later use in the form of glycogen. This process begins in the mouth with the use of special enzymes and ends in the small intestine where the absorption takes place. The benefits of carbohydrates to the body include energy, energy storage; provide the back bone for our DNA, and digestive health. Healthy sources of carbs include whole grain breads, whole wheat, whole oats, brown rice, whole wheat pasta, and beans. According to American Diabetes Association (2012), “When you eat food, the body breaks down all of the sugars and starches into glucose, which is the basic fuel for the cells in the body insulin takes the sugar from the blood into the cells” (Facts about Type 2). With Diabetes the body does not produce insulin and the cells become starved of energy and over time issues develop with the eyes, kidneys, nerves and heart. Diet and exercise can be used to manage the disorder, but the use of pills and injections are also included in the daily treatment. In conclusion carbohydrates are an essential nutrient in our...
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