Caral-Supe: The Oldest Civilization in the Americas

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  • Topic: Civilization, Norte Chico civilization, Caral
  • Pages : 2 (791 words )
  • Download(s) : 278
  • Published : September 10, 2012
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There are many lost civilizations that today anthropologists and archaeologists are slowly finding. They go into these places and dig up artifacts and information about the people that live in these places. They also try and find what happened there to see what government they had, what they usually did in these places, and how they became lost. There are three places where each has an old, small, lost culture or civilization. These three places are Peru, Bangladesh, and Florida. Here is some information found in three videos about the civilizations in each country or state. The first video was Peru: Caral-Supe: The Oldest Civilization in the Americas. The Caral-Supe civilization was a complex Pre-Columbian society. It included 30 major population centers in what is now the Norte Chico region of north-central coastal Peru. Caral-Supe is the oldest civilization in the Americas and is one of six sites where civilization originated in the ancient world, from the 30th century BC and the 18th century BC. Caral-Supe also got its name from the Sacred City of Caral in the Supe Valley. The government of Caral-Supe was chiefdom, which was where chiefs controlled economic activities and social institutions. There are construction areas that show evidence of feasting, which includes music and alcohol, and the areas also show the degree of authority by the architectural patterns. There were small buildings created as homes but there were also other buildings that were created one or two intense construction phases. This is evidence of centralized control over the Caral-Supe. They had a lack of apparent art, the lack of pottery and sculptures. They did have textiles, which was string-based recording devices, and suggests the writing system the Caral-Supe had. It also suggests they used this type of textiles to hold logographic information. There wasn’t much art but the Caral-Supe did have music. These and other archaeological evidence shows the pattern of later Andean...
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