The problem of car accidents in Lebanon is becoming a severe issue since the percentage of car accidents is increasing year after year. There are several causes leading to this situation, however they differ in the importance of their implementation. Some of the causes are direct such as: use of seatbelt, texting while driving, speeding, and drinking and driving, while others are indirect such as road infrastructure, rules forced and implemented, and efficiency of driving tests. To reduce the percentage and bad effects of car accidents every citizen must start by changing his driving attitudes and try to implement rules and regulations, therefore to help humanitarian organization in reaching their goals in raising awareness and reducing car accidents.
Car accidents are becoming a major problem worldwide and specifically in Lebanon. According to the Lebanese Red Cross, car accidents in the first two months of year 2012 reached 1,464 accidents in Lebanon (YASA, 2013). Moreover, according toYASA,a youth group which works to raise people's awareness about how to prevent accidents, shows that there is an expectation that car accidents will increase 20 percent in Lebanon in 2013(YASA,2013). Therefore, we can see that percentage of car accidents is increasing year after year; thusto be able to solve this dangerous issue, all the causes should be taken into consideration.
The report will specifically address the following problem: Ways to decrease and prevent car accidents in Lebanon. To solve this problem and find the best solutions and alternatives we addressed the following main causes for the occurrence of car accidents and try to find ways to reduce them:
1.How are the driving rules and signs implemented and controlled in Lebanon? 2.How are infrastructure and road connections affecting driving conditions? 3.How is technology affecting drivers?
4.What are the consequences of drinking and driving and not abiding by the speed limits?
This study attempts to determine the main causes of car accidents in Lebanon and the best approaches or ways to deal with them in order to reduce car accidents without taking into consideration political and economic conditions, in addition to government corruption.
We will conduct a survey that will be distributed randomly to a sample of 50 individuals concerning their daily driving conditions and adoption of laws and driving rules in Lebanon. On April 30, each individual received the cover letter and the questionnaire shown in Appendix A. Responses on the questionnaires are tabulated and transformed into charts. In addition to the questionnaire data, twopersonal interviews were held with a professional in YASA and a professional in the Lebanese Red cross; interview questions are shown in Appendix B. The primary data and the interviews were then analyzed and compared with findings from the secondary sources to be able to determine the best ways to reduce car accidents in Lebanon.
Today, Lebanon is facing a major problem which is road accidents. Accidents are not just targeting cars, but according to the daily star, fifty-five of those injured or killed in road accidents are in cars, 20 percent are on motorcycles, 15 percent are pedestrians, and 10 percent are in buses and trucks (Mary Dhumieres, p.1,December 3, 2011). There are many factors or causes leading to an increase in car accidents. “First, the lack of enforcement of traffic laws in the country, in addition to low traffic awareness among citizens, are the major causes of the accidents and casualties that is repeated daily on Lebanon’s roads” ( Ayoub Khaddaj, p.1, 11-11-2010). In addition to the lack on law implementation, road signs and warnings are not used and implemented. According to Mary Dhumieres, lack of street lights, signs such as warning signs of drop-offs of roadside, side barriers on mountain roads and...