Let me first define what human rights are. Human rights are "basic rights and freedoms that all people are entitled to regardless of nationality, sex, age, national or ethnic origin, race, religion, language, or other status."
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that everyone has the "right to live". Kantianism, which is the need to do the right thing regardless of the consequences, and to be willing to do what is right, supports this statement. Though many people might be against the idea of capital punishment being abolished, this is a matter of human rights, and hence this is the right thing to do. Thus I believe that capital punishment violates the human rights.
With capital punishment, offenders do not have a second chance to turn over a new leaf as they are immediately sentenced to death. Moreover, it should be borne in mind that miscarriages of justice can lead to an abuse of human rights, whilst the fact that judges are not allowed any flexibility in mandatory cases means that there is the possibility that the punishment will not match the crime. Thus, we should look for alternatives as it would be best to avoid executing a person; putting an offender behind bars is always a better option than killing him, as there is a chance that he may repent.
Quote Bryan Stevenson, Death Row lawyer: "The reality is that capital punishment in America is a lottery. It is a punishment that is shaped by the constraints of poverty, race, geography and local politics."
In conclusion, I feel that before abolishing capital punishment, we should look at it from every single perspective, including human rights. From my points stated above, we can see that capital punishment definitely violates human rights. Therefore, I believe and support that capital punishment should be abolished.