Capitol Punishment has been around since the beginning of mankind; eye for an eye and
tooth for a tooth. Since then the public have debated for or against capital punishment
revolving around issues of deterrence, retribution, discrimination and Irreversibility.
Leaving us with the responsibility to analyze the factors surrounding capital punishment.
A number of studies have also been done specifically on the deterrent effects of capital
punishment. Many officials believes that capital punishment not only prevent s the
offender from committing additional crimes but deters others as well. The research of
Franklin E. Zimring and Gordon J. Hawkins demonstrated that punishment is an effective
deterrent for those who are criminally inclined. Another research has been to examine
murder rates in given areas both before and after an execution. Clear and cole(2000) have
examined more than 200 studies evaluating the effectiveness of the death penalty in
deterring crime. A recent study found that a significant deterrent effect is associated with
the increased use of capital punishment since 1977 ( Dezhbakhsh, Rubin and Shepherd,
Michael Radelet and Ronald Akers attempted to determine if having the Death Penalty
indeed act as a deterrent on criminal homicide. Is the theory of "Just Deserts" (Bedau,
1978; Finckenenauer, 1998) in anyway credible? It is also often argued that death is what
murderers deserve, making criminals reap what they sow. Most believe that in order to
assure deserts, the punishment should always fit the crime. It would require us to rape
rapists, torture torturers, and inflict other horrible and degrading punishment on
offenders. It would require us to betray traitors and kill multiple murderers again and
again, punishments impossible to inflict. ( Bedau 1978).
However the principle of just deserts is... [continues]
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