Capital Budget Mini-Case

Pages: 13 (2439 words) Published: August 14, 2008
Your company is thinking about acquiring another corporation. You have two choices; the cost of each choice is \$250,000. You cannot spend more than that, so acquiring both corporations is not an option. The following are your critical data:

a. Corporation A:
1) Revenues = 100K in year one, increasing by 10% each year 2) Expenses = 20K in year one, increasing by 15% each year 3) Depreciation Expense = 5K each year
4) Tax Rate = 25%
5) Discount Rate = 10%

b. Corporation B:
1) Revenues = 150K in year one, increasing by 8% each year 2) Expenses = 60K in year one, increasing by 10% each year 3) Depreciation Expense = 10K each year
4) Tax Rate = 25%
5) Discount Rate = 11%

You must compute and analyze items (a) through (h) using a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet. Make sure that all calculations can be seen in the background of the applicable spreadsheet cells. In other words, leave an audit trail so that others can see how you arrived at your calculations and analysis. Items (i), (j), and (k) should be submitted in Microsoft Word.

c. A 5-year projected income statement
d. A 5-year projected cash flow
e. Net Present Value
f. Internal Rate of Return
g. Payback Period
h. Profitability Index
i. Discounted Payback Period
j. Modified Internal Rate of Return
k. Based on items (a) through (h), which company would you recommend acquiring? l. In a 1,050-1,500-word memo, define, analyze, and interpret the answers to items (c) through (h). Present the rationale behind each item and why it supports your decision stated in item (i). Also, attempt to describe the relationship between NPV and IRR. (Hint: The key factor here is the discount rate used.) In this memo, explain how you would analyze projects differently if they had unequal projected years (i.e., if Corporation A had a 5-year projection and Corporation B had a 7-year projection).

c. A 5-year projected income statement

Corporation A

a. Corporation A:
1) Revenues = 100K in year one, increasing by 10% each year 2) Expenses = 20K in year one, increasing by 15% each year 3) Depreciation Expense = 5K each year
4) Tax Rate = 25%

Revenue increases by10%each year
Expense increases by15%

Year RevenueExpenseDepreciation expense=Profit before tax= Revenue-Expense-DepreciationTax @Net Profit
25%
1100,00020,0005,00075,00018,75056,250
2110,00023,0005,00082,00020,50061,500
3121,00026,4505,00089,55022,38867,162
4133,10030,4185,00097,68324,42173,262
5146,41034,9805,000106,43026,60779,823

Corporation B

b. Corporation B:
1) Revenues = 150K in year one, increasing by 8% each year 2) Expenses = 60K in year one, increasing by 10% each year 3) Depreciation Expense = 10K each year
4) Tax Rate = 25%

Revenue increases by8%each year
Expense increases by10%

Year RevenueExpenseDepreciation expense=Profit before tax= Revenue-Expense-DepreciationTax @Net Profit
25%
1150,00060,00010,00080,00020,00060,000
2162,00066,00010,00086,00021,50064,500
3174,96072,60010,00092,36023,09069,270
4188,95779,86010,00099,09724,77474,323
5204,07487,84610,000106,22826,55779,671

d. A 5-year projected cash flow

To prepare the projected cash flow we add back depreciation to net profit as depreciation is a non cash expense

Corporation A

Revenue increases by10%each...

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